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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 29, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2012
  • pp: 908–912

X-ray dark-field imaging modeling

W. Cong, F. Pfeiffer, M. Bech, and G. Wang  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 29, Issue 6, pp. 908-912 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.29.000908


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Abstract

Dark-field images are formed from x-ray small-angle scattering signals. The small-angle scattering signals are particularly sensitive to structural variation and density fluctuation on a length scale of several tens to hundreds of nanometers, offering a unique contrast mechanism to reveal subtle structural features of an object. In this study, based on the principle of energy conservation, we develop a physical model to describe the relationship between x-ray small-angle scattering coefficients of an object and dark-field intensity images. This model can be used to reconstruct volumetric x-ray small-angle scattering images of an object using classical tomographic algorithms. We also establish a relationship between the small-angle scattering intensity and the visibility function measured with x-ray grating imaging. The numerical simulations and phantom experiments have demonstrated the accuracy and practicability of the proposed model.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(170.3010) Medical optics and biotechnology : Image reconstruction techniques
(340.7440) X-ray optics : X-ray imaging

ToC Category:
X-ray Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 5, 2012
Revised Manuscript: February 17, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: February 19, 2012
Published: May 18, 2012

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 8 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
W. Cong, F. Pfeiffer, M. Bech, and G. Wang, "X-ray dark-field imaging modeling," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 908-912 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-29-6-908

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