OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 3, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 1986
  • pp: 446–451

Granularity–density relationship for electrophotography incorporating paper and toner granularities

Peter G. Engeldrum and Kenneth Riehl, Jr.  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 3, Issue 4, pp. 446-451 (1986)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.3.000446


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (643 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

An equation to describe the granularity of an electrophotographic imaging system has been developed to include the density variance attributed to the reflectance of paper and toner surfaces. Granularity measurements from two conventional electrophotographic copiers were used to validate the relationship. The results show good agreement with the overall shape of the granularity-versus-density curve; however, the values are not consistent with estimated toner particle size. Clustering of the toner particles is suggested as the cause of the high granularity values.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: September 12, 1985
Manuscript Accepted: December 18, 1985
Published: April 1, 1986

Citation
Peter G. Engeldrum and Kenneth Riehl, "Granularity–density relationship for electrophotography incorporating paper and toner granularities," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 446-451 (1986)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-3-4-446

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited