OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 31, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 2014
  • pp: 616–620

Analysis of the speckle properties in a laser projection system based on a human eye model

Zhe Cui, Anting Wang, Qianli Ma, and Hai Ming  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 31, Issue 3, pp. 616-620 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (626 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this paper, the properties of the speckle that is observed by humans in laser projection systems are theoretically analyzed. The speckle pattern on the fovea of the human retina is numerically simulated by introducing a chromatic human eye model. The results show that the speckle contrast experienced by humans is affected by the light intensity of the projected images and the wavelength of the laser source when considering the paracentral vision. Furthermore, the image quality is also affected by these two parameters. We believe that these results are useful for evaluating the speckle noise in laser projection systems.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.4430) General : Numerical approximation and analysis
(030.6140) Coherence and statistical optics : Speckle
(120.4800) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical standards and testing
(330.7338) Vision, color, and visual optics : Visually coupled optical systems

ToC Category:
Coherence and Statistical Optics

Original Manuscript: December 5, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: January 15, 2014
Published: February 20, 2014

Virtual Issues
Vol. 9, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Zhe Cui, Anting Wang, Qianli Ma, and Hai Ming, "Analysis of the speckle properties in a laser projection system based on a human eye model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 616-620 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and H. Urey, “Laser-based displays: a review,” Appl. Opt. 49, F79–F98 (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Gollier, “Speckle measurement procedure,” (Corning Incorporated, May2010).
  3. S. Roelandt, Y. Meuret, G. Craggs, G. Verschaffelt, P. Janssens, and H. Thienpont, “Standardized speckle measurement method matched to human speckle perception in laser projection systems,” Opt. Express 20, 8770–8783 (2012). [CrossRef]
  4. D. Kang, E. Clarkson, and T. D. Milster, “Effect of optical aberrations on Gaussian laser speckle,” Opt. Express 17, 3084–3100 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. J. C. Dainty, Laser Speckle and Related Phenomena (Springer, 1984).
  6. J. W. Goodman, Speckle Phenomena in Optics: Theory and Applications (Roberts, 2007).
  7. D. Middleton, An Introduction to Statistical Communication Theory (IEEE, 1996).
  8. C. A. Curcio, K. R. Sloan, R. E. Kalina, and A. E. Hendrickson, “Human photoreceptor topography,” J. Comp. Neural. 292, 497–523 (1990).
  9. J. Pokorny and V. C. Smith, “How much light reaches the retina?” Doc. Ophthal. Proc. Ser. 59, 491–512 (1997). [CrossRef]
  10. L. N. Thibos, M. Ye, X. Zhang, and A. Bradley, “The chromatic eye: a new reduced-eye model of ocular chromatic aberration in humans,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3594–3600 (1992). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Ravikumar, L. N. Thibos, and A. Bradley, “Calculation of retinal image quality for polychromatic light,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 2395–2407 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6, 355–359 (2012). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited