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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 31, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2014
  • pp: A195–A207

Neurobiological hypothesis of color appearance and hue perception

Brian P. Schmidt, Maureen Neitz, and Jay Neitz  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 31, Issue 4, pp. A195-A207 (2014)

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De Valois and De Valois [Vis. Res. 33, 1053 (1993)] showed that to explain hue appearance, S-cone signals have to be combined with M versus L opponent signals in two different ways to produce red–green and yellow–blue axes, respectively. Recently, it has been shown that color appearance is normal for individuals with genetic mutations that block S-cone input to blue-ON ganglion cells. This is inconsistent with the De Valois hypothesis in which S-opponent konio-geniculate signals are combined with L-M signals at a third processing stage in cortex. Instead, here we show that color appearance, including individual differences never explained before, are predicted by a model in which S-cone signals are combined with L versus M signals in the outer retina.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.0330) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision, color, and visual optics
(330.1720) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color vision
(330.4060) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision modeling

ToC Category:
Unique hues and color categories

Original Manuscript: October 3, 2013
Revised Manuscript: January 7, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: January 10, 2014
Published: February 12, 2014

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Vol. 9, Iss. 6 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Brian P. Schmidt, Maureen Neitz, and Jay Neitz, "Neurobiological hypothesis of color appearance and hue perception," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, A195-A207 (2014)

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