OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 31, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2014
  • pp: A60–A64

Do S cones contribute to color-motion feature binding?

Wei Wang and Steven K. Shevell  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 31, Issue 4, pp. A60-A64 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1279 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Wu et al. [Nature 429, 262 (2004)] describe a visual illusion in which color and motion are incorrectly bound: green dots moving downward and red dots moving upward are seen as green dots going up and red dots going down. The present study determined whether S cones contribute to color-motion feature-binding errors, in order to assess the neural representation of color at the level of binding. The specific experimental question is whether binding errors depend on S-cone responses from the objects perceived to have an illusory direction of motion. Alternatively, only L and M cones may determine the neural representation of color that regulates color-motion feature binding. In two experiments, the chromatic difference was manipulated between central objects, which induce color-motion binding errors, and peripheral objects, where color-motion binding errors occur. The chromaticity difference was varied along only the L/M-cone axis or only the S-cone axis. As in Wu et al. [Nature 429, 262 (2004)], color-motion binding was frequently observed in the periphery when there were no central versus peripheral chromatic differences. Further, the results showed that the frequency of color-motion binding errors in the periphery depended on the difference in S-cone excitation between center and periphery, thereby demonstrating that the neural representation of color at the level of feature binding depends on signals from not only L and M cones but also S cones.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.1720) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color vision
(330.5510) Vision, color, and visual optics : Psychophysics

ToC Category:
Color sensitivity and appearance

Original Manuscript: October 31, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 11, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: December 12, 2013
Published: January 15, 2014

Virtual Issues
Vol. 9, Iss. 6 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Wei Wang and Steven K. Shevell, "Do S cones contribute to color-motion feature binding?," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, A60-A64 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. A. Wu, R. Kanai, and S. Shimojo, “Vision: steady-state misbinding of colour and motion,” Nature 429, 262 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Sun, “On feature misbinding of color and motion,” Ph.D. dissertation (The University of Chicago, 2011).
  3. K. Bumsted and A. Hendrickson, “Distribution and development of short-wavelength cones different between Macaca monkey and human fovea,” J. Comp. Neurol. 403, 502–516 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. D. J. Calkins, “Seeing with S cones,” Prog. Retinal Eye Res. 20, 255–287 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Roorda and D. R. Williams, “The arrangement of the three cone classes in the living human eye,” Nature 397, 520–522 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Roorda, A. B. Metha, P. Lennie, and D. R. Williams, “Packing arrangement of the three cone classes in primate retina,” Vis. Res. 41, 1291–1306 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. B. B. Lee, “Visual pathways and psychophysical channels in the primate,” J. Physiol. 589, 41–47 (2011). [CrossRef]
  8. J. J. Nassi and E. M. Callaway, “Parallel processing strategies of the primate visual system,” Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 10, 360–372 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. D. I. MacLeod and R. M. Boynton, “Chromaticity diagram showing cone excitation by stimuli of equal luminance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1183–1186 (1979). [CrossRef]
  10. R. E. Kirk, Experimental Design, 4th ed. (Sage, 2012).
  11. J. Gordon and I. Abramov, “Color vision in the peripheral retina. II. Hue and saturation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 202–207 (1977). [CrossRef]
  12. C. Noorlander, J. Koenderink, R. J. Den Ouden, and W. Edens, “Sensitivity to spatiotemporal colour contrast in the peripheral visual field,” Vis. Res. 23, 1–11 (1983). [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Noguchi, S. Shimojo, R. Kakigi, and M. Hoshiyama, “An integration of color and motion information in visual scene analyses,” Psychol. Sci. 22, 153–158 (2011).
  14. K. Seymour, C. W. G. Clifford, N. K. Logothetis, and A. Bartels, “The coding of color, motion, and their conjunction in the human visual cortex,” Curr. Biol. 19, 177–183 (2009). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Livingstone and D. Hubel, “Segregation of form, color, movement, and depth: anatomy, physiology, and perception,” Science 240, 740–749 (1988). [CrossRef]
  16. V. S. Ramachandran and R. L. Gregory, “Does colour provide an input to human motion perception?” Nature 275, 55–56 (1978). [CrossRef]
  17. S. M. Zeki, “Functional specialization in the visual cortex of the rhesus monkey,” Nature 274, 423–428 (1978). [CrossRef]
  18. P. Cavanagh, C. W. Tyler, and O. E. Favreau, “Percevied velocity of moving chromatic gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 893–899 (1984). [CrossRef]
  19. B. B. Lee and C. F. Stroemyer, “Contribution of human short-wave cones to luminance and motion detection,” J. Physiol. 413, 563–593 (1989).
  20. R. F. Dougherty, W. A. Press, and B. A. Wandell, “Perceived speed of colored stimuli,” Neuron 24, 893–899 (1999). [CrossRef]
  21. S. Chatterjee and E. M. Callaway, “S cone contributions to the magnocellular visual pathway in macaque monkey,” Neuron 35, 1135–1146 (2002). [CrossRef]
  22. A. Treisman and G. Gelade, “A feature-integration theory of attention,” Cogn. Psychol. 12, 97–136 (1980).
  23. P. T. Quinlan, “Visual feature integration theory: past, present and future,” Psychol. Bull. 129, 643–673 (2003). [CrossRef]
  24. X. Zhang and F. Fang, “Misbinding of color and motion in human V2,” J. Vis. 12(9): 68 (2012). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited