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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 4, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 1987
  • pp: 519–524

Low-dimensional procedure for the characterization of human faces

L. Sirovich and M. Kirby  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 4, Issue 3, pp. 519-524 (1987)

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A method is presented for the representation of (pictures of) faces. Within a specified framework the representation is ideal. This results in the characterization of a face, to within an error bound, by a relatively low-dimensional vector. The method is illustrated in detail by the use of an ensemble of pictures taken for this purpose.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: August 25, 1986
Manuscript Accepted: November 10, 1986
Published: March 1, 1987

L. Sirovich and M. Kirby, "Low-dimensional procedure for the characterization of human faces," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 519-524 (1987)

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  1. K. Fukunaga, Introduction to Statistical Pattern Recognition (Academic, New York, 1972).
  2. R. B. Ash, M. F. Gardner, Topics in Stochastic Processes (Academic, New York, 1975).
  3. N. Ahmed, M. H. Goldstein, Orthogonal Transforms for Digital Signal Processing (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1975). [CrossRef]
  4. B. B. Mandelbrot, The Fractral Geometry of Nature (Freeman, San Francisco, Calif., 1982).
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