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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 6, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 1989
  • pp: 318–322

Characteristic spectra of Munsell colors

J. P. S. Parkkinen, J. Hallikainen, and T. Jaaskelainen  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 6, Issue 2, pp. 318-322 (1989)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.6.000318


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Abstract

The 1257 reflectance spectra of the chips in the Munsell Book of Color—Matte Finish Collection (Munsell Color, Baltimore, Md., 1976) were measured with a rapid acousto-optic spectrophotometer. Measured spectra were sampled from 400 to 700 nm at 5-nm intervals. The correlation matrix of this sample set was formed, and the characteristic vectors of this matrix were computed. It is shown, contradictory to earlier recommendations [ Psychon. Sci. 1, 369 ( 1964)], that as many as eight characteristic spectra are needed to achieve good representation for all spectra.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: January 8, 1988
Manuscript Accepted: October 3, 1988
Published: February 1, 1989

Citation
J. P. S. Parkkinen, J. Hallikainen, and T. Jaaskelainen, "Characteristic spectra of Munsell colors," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 318-322 (1989)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-6-2-318


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References

  1. Munsell Book of Color—Matte Finish Collection (Munsell Color, Baltimore, Md., 1976).
  2. M. D’Zmura, P. Lennie, “Mechanisms of color constancy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1662–1672 (1986). [CrossRef]
  3. L. T. Maloney, B. A. Wandell, “Color constancy: a method for recovering surface spectral reflectance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 29–33 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  8. J. P. S. Parkkinen, T. Jaaskelainen, E. Oja, “Pattern recognition approach to color measurement and discrimination,” Acta Polytech. Scand. 149, 171–174 (1985).
  9. T. Jaaskelainen, J. Parkkinen, E. Oja, “Color discrimination by optical recognition,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1986), pp. 766–768.
  10. J. Hallikainen, J. Parkkinen, T. Jaaskelainen, “An acousto-optic color spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 81–83 (1988). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Parkkinen, T. Jaaskelainen, “Color representation using statistical pattern recognition,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4240–4245 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. Oja, Subspace Method of Pattern Recognition (Research Studies, Letchworth, England, 1983).

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