Phase conjugation (PC) that is due to degenerate forward four-wave mixing is studied both theoretically and experimentally. Similarly to backward four-wave mixing, the limiting efficiency of this process corresponds to the total energy transfer from each pump wave into the signal and conjugate waves, although in this case the Yariv oscillations do not occur. The numerical solution of the nonstationary problem is presented, revealing the transient oscillations of the PC-beam intensity with maxima many times exceeding the saturation value. PC of Q-switched and free-oscillating solid-state laser radiation is obtained by using the thermal nonlinearity of absorbing solutions. PC of cw laser radiation is obtained in a LiNbO3 crystal, the PC-beam intensity being six times larger than the initial intensity of the signal beam. The self-compensation of nonlinear phase distortions of the recording medium is demonstrated.
© 1984 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: August 13, 1982
Manuscript Accepted: April 4, 1983
Published: February 1, 1984
A. Khyzniak, V. Kondilenko, Yu. Kucherov, S. Lesnik, S. Odoulov, and M. Soskin, "Phase conjugation by degenerate forward four-wave mixing," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 169-175 (1984)