Orientation tuning curves were measured at 10 spatial frequencies ranging from 0.5 to 11.3 cycles per degree (cpd) using a masking paradigm. The stimuli were spatially localized test patterns of 1.0 octave bandwidth superimposed upon cosine grating masks. By using a model that corrects for the nonlinearity inherent in the masking process, we obtain the half-amplitude half-bandwidths (θ1/2) of Cartesian-separable receptive fields that may underlie orientation selectivity. Additional experiments show that the data are not compatible with separability in polar coordinates (spatial frequency and orientation). The orientation half-bandwidths have been found to decrease somewhat with increasing spatial frequency, going from about 30° at 0.5 cpd to 15° at 11.3 cpd, for both sustained and transient forms of temporal modulation. Similar bandwidths are obtained from data where the test is oriented along 45°. These bandwidth estimates are shown to be consistent with subthreshold summation data as well as physiological data from monkey striate cortex.
© 1984 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: March 24, 1983
Manuscript Accepted: October 10, 1983
Published: February 1, 1984
Gregory C. Phillips and Hugh R. Wilson, "Orientation bandwidths of spatial mechanisms measured by masking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 226-232 (1984)