We introduce a new class of partially coherent axially symmetric Gaussian Schell-model (GSM) beams incorporating a new twist phase quadratic in configuration variables. This phase twists the beam about its axis during propagation and is shown to be bounded in strength because of the positive semidefiniteness of the cross-spectral density. Propagation characteristics and invariants for such beams are derived and interpreted, and two different geometric representations are developed. Direct effects of the twist phase on free propagation as well as in parabolic index fibers are demonstrated. Production of such twisted GSM beams, starting with Li–Wolf anisotropic GSM beams, is described.
© 1993 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: September 20, 1990
Revised Manuscript: December 2, 1991
Manuscript Accepted: February 3, 1992
Published: January 1, 1993
R. Simon and N. Mukunda, "Twisted Gaussian Schell-model beams," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 95-109 (1993)