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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 10, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 1993
  • pp: 1535–1543

Image formation in two-mode fiber-based confocal microscopes

T. Wilson  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 10, Issue 7, pp. 1535-1543 (1993)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.10.001535


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Abstract

A description is given of a confocal scanning microscope in which a two-mode optical fiber is used both to launch the light into the microscope and to detect the image signal. There is a discussion of the variety of imaging modes that result from variation of the combination of fiber modes used to launch and to detect the signal. The form of the three-dimensional transfer function is considered in all the cases, and the effect of the finite size of the fiber core is included.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: August 25, 1992
Revised Manuscript: January 15, 1993
Manuscript Accepted: January 28, 1993
Published: July 1, 1993

Citation
T. Wilson, "Image formation in two-mode fiber-based confocal microscopes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1535-1543 (1993)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-10-7-1535


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References

  1. T. Wilson, C. J. R. Sheppard, Theory and Practice of Scanning Optical Microscopy (Academic, London, 1984).
  2. T. Wilson, ed., Confocal Microscopy (Academic, London, 1990).
  3. S. Kimura, T. Wilson, “Confocal scanning optical microscope using single mode fibre for signal detection,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2143–2150 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. Juskaitis, F. Reinholz, T. Wilson, “Fibre-optic based confocal scanning microscopy with semiconductor laser excitation and detection,” Electron. Lett. 28, 986–987 (1992). [CrossRef]
  5. R. Juskaitis, T. Wilson, “Differential confocal scanning microscope with a two-mode optical fibre,” Appl. Opt. 31, 898–902 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. Mertz, Transformations in Optics (Wiley, New York, 1965).
  7. B. R. Frieden, “Optical transfer of the three-dimensional object,”J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 56–66 (1967). [CrossRef]
  8. N. Striebl, “Fundamental restrictions for 3-D light distributions,” Optik (Stuttgart) 66, 341–354 (1984).
  9. N. Striebl, “Depth transfer by an imaging system,” Opt. Acta 31, 1233–1244 (1984). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1975).
  11. A. Yariv, Optical Electronics (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York, 1985).
  12. T. Wilson, F. Reinholz, “Confocal microscopy via reciprocal optical fibre detection,” Micron Microsc. Acta 23, 429–435 (1992). [CrossRef]
  13. R. Juskaitis, T. Wilson, “Imaging in reciprocal fibre-optic based confocal scanning microscopes,” Opt. Commun. 92, 315–325 (1992). [CrossRef]
  14. H. H. Hopkins, “On the diffraction theory of optical images,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 217, 408–432 (1953). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Gu, X. Gan, C. J. R. Sheppard, “Three dimensional coherent transfer functions in fibre optic confocal scanning microscopes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1019–1025 (1991). [CrossRef]
  16. C. J. R. Sheppard, M. Gu, “The significance of 3-D transfer functions in confocal scanning microscopy,” J. Microsc. (Oxford) 165, 377–390 (1992). [CrossRef]
  17. R. Juskaitis, T. Wilson, “Imaging in reciprocal fibre-optic based confocal scanning microscopes,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

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