The design theory presented describes characteristic features of thin diffractive elements. In particular it permits the derivation of upper bounds of the diffraction efficiency of diffractive elements. These bounds are independent of the calculation method used to obtain the diffractive elements. The consequences of the results for diffractive optics are briefly discussed.
© 1993 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: April 21, 1992
Revised Manuscript: November 30, 1992
Manuscript Accepted: February 12, 1993
Published: July 1, 1993
Frank Wyrowski, "Design theory of diffractive elements in the paraxial domain," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1553-1561 (1993)