OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 12, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 1995
  • pp: 195–201

Odd aberrations and double-pass measurements of retinal image quality

Pablo Artal, Susana Marcos, Rafael Navarro, and David R. Williams  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 12, Issue 2, pp. 195-201 (1995)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.12.000195


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (692 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We investigated the formation of the aerial image in the double-pass method to measure the optical quality of the human eye. We show theoretically and empirically that the double pass through the eye’s optics forces the light distribution in the aerial image to be an even-symmetric function even if the single-pass point-spread function is asymmetric as a result of odd aberrations in the eye. The reason for this is that the double-pass imaging process is described by the autocorrelation rather than the autoconvolution of the single-pass point-spread functions, as has been previously assumed. This implies that although the modulation transfer function can be computed from the double-pass aerial image, the phase transfer function cannot. We also show that the lateral chromatic aberration of the eye cannot be measured with the double-pass procedure because it is canceled by the second pass through the eye’s optics.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: January 25, 1994
Revised Manuscript: July 21, 1994
Manuscript Accepted: September 6, 1994
Published: February 1, 1995

Citation
Pablo Artal, Susana Marcos, David R. Williams, and Rafael Navarro, "Odd aberrations and double-pass measurements of retinal image quality," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 195-201 (1995)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-12-2-195


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. W. N. Charman, “Optics of the human eye,” in Visual Optics and Instrumentation, Vol. 1 of Vision and Visual Dysfunction, J. R. Cronly-Dillion, ed. (Macmillan, London, 1991), pp. 1–26.
  2. M. F. Flamant, “Étude de la repartition de lumière dans l’image retinienne d’une fente,” Rev. Opt. 34, 433–459 (1955).
  3. J. Krauskpof, “Light distribution in human retinal images,”J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 1046–1050 (1962). [CrossRef]
  4. F. W. Campbell, R. W. Gubisch, “Optical image quality of the human eye,”J. Physiol. (London) 186, 558–578 (1966).
  5. R. W. Gubisch, “Optical performance of the human eye,”J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 407–415 (1967). [CrossRef]
  6. R. Rohler, U. Miller, M. Aberl, “Zur Messung der Modulatonsubertragungsfunktion des Lebenden menschlichen Auges in reflektierten Licht,” Vision Res. 9, 407–428 (1969). [CrossRef]
  7. J. A. M. Jennings, W. N. Charman, “Off-axis image quality in the human eye,” Vision Res. 21, 445–454 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Santamaría, P. Artal, J. Bescós, “Determination of the point-spread function of human eyes using a hybrid optical–digital method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1109–1114 (1987). [CrossRef]
  9. P. Artal, R. Navarro, “Simultaneous measurement of two-point-spread functions at different locations across the human fovea,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3646–3656 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. Navarro, P. Artal, D. R. Williams, “Modulation transfer of the human eye as a function of retinal eccentricity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 201–212 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. G. van Blockland, D. van Norren, “Intensity and polarization of light scattered at small angles from the human fovea,” Vision Res. 26, 485–494 (1986). [CrossRef]
  12. J. M. Gorrand, “Reflection characteristics of the human fovea assessed by reflectomodulometry,” Ophthalmol. Physiol. Opt. 9, 53–60 (1989). [CrossRef]
  13. D. R. Williams, D. Brainard, M. MacHahon, R. Navarro, “Double-pass and interferometric measures of the optical quality of the eye,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (to be published).
  14. J. F. Simon, P. Denieul, “Influence of the size of the test employed in measurements of modulation transfer function of the eye,”J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 894–896 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. J. Vos, J. Walraven, A. Meeteren, “Light profiles of the foveal images of a point test,” Vision Res. 16, 215–219 (1976). [CrossRef]
  16. H. C. Howland, B. Howland, “A subjective method for the measurement of monochromatic aberrations of the eye,”J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 1508–1518 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. C. W. Campbell, E. M. Harrison, P. Simonet, “Psychophysical measurements of the blur on the retina due to the optical aberrations of the eye,” Vision Res. 30, 1587–1602 (1990). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Marcos, P. Artal, D. G. Green, “The effect of decentered small pupils on optical modulation transfer and contrast sensitivity,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. Suppl. 35, 1258 (1994).
  19. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968).
  20. R. Bracewell, The Fourier Transform and Its Applications (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1965).
  21. P. Artal, J. Santamaría, J. Bescós, “Phase-transfer function of the human eye and its influence on point-spread function and wave aberration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 1791–1795 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. P. Artal, R. Navarro, D. H. Brainard, S. J. Galvin, D. R. Williams, “Off-axis optical quality of the eye and retinal sampling,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. Suppl. 33, 3241 (1992).
  23. P. Artal, M. Ferro, I. Miranda, R. Navarro, “Effects of aging in retinal image quality,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1656–1662 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. A. Losada, R. Navarro, J. Santamaría, “Relative contribution of optical and neural limitations to human contrast sensitivity at different luminance levels,” Vision Res. 33, 2321–2336 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. N. Sekiguchi, D. R. Williams, D. H. Brainard, “Efficiency in detection of isoluminant and isochomatic interference fringes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2118–2133 (1993). [CrossRef]
  26. P. Artal, J. Santamaría, J. Bescós, “Retrieval of wave aberration of human eyes from actual point-spread-function data,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 1201–1206 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. J. C. Dainty, J. R. Fienup, “Phase retrieval and image reconstruction for astronomy,” in Image Recovery: Theory and Applications, H. Stark, ed. (Academic, New York, 1987), pp. 231–273.
  28. G. Walsh, W. N. Charman, H. C. Howland, “Objective technique for the determination of monochromatic aberrations of the human eye,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 987–992 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. J. Liang, B. Grimm, S. Goelz, J. Bille, “Objective measurement of wave aberrations of the human eye with the use of a Hartmann–Shack wave-front sensor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1949–1957 (1994). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited