We report the results of psychophysical experiments on color contrast induction. In earlier work [ Vision Res. 34, 3111 ( 1994)], we showed that modulating the spatial contrast of an annulus in time induces an apparent modulation of the contrast of a central disk, at isoluminance. Here we vary the chromatic properties of disk and annulus systematically in a study of the interactions among the luminance and the color-opponent channels. Results show that induced contrast depends linearly on both disk and annulus contrast, at low and moderate contrast levels. This dependence leads us to propose a bilinear model for color contrast gain control. The model predicts the magnitude and the chromatic properties of induced contrast. In agreement with experimental results, the model displays chromatic selectivity in contrast gain control and a negligible effect of contrast modulation at isoluminance on the appearance of achromatic contrast. We show that the bilinear model for chromatic selectivity may be realized as a feed-forward multiplicative gain control. Data collected at high contrast levels are fit by embellishing the model with saturating nonlinearities in the contrast gain control of each color channel.
© 1995 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: July 22, 1994
Revised Manuscript: November 3, 1994
Manuscript Accepted: November 3, 1994
Published: April 1, 1995
Benjamin Singer and Michael D’Zmura, "Contrast gain control: a bilinear model for chromatic selectivity," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 667-685 (1995)