We investigate the expression of non-Kolmogorov turbulence in terms of Zernike polynomials. Increasing the power-law exponent of the three-dimensional phase power spectrum from 2 to 4 results in a higher proportion of wave-front energy being contained in the tilt components. Closed-form expressions are given for the variances of the Zernike coefficients in this range. For exponents greater than 4 a von Kármán spectrum is used to compute the variances numerically as a function of exponent for different outer-scale lengths. We find in this range that the Zernike-coefficient variances depend more strongly on outer scale than on exponent and that longer outer-scale lengths lead to more energy in the tilt terms. The scaling of Zernike-coefficient variances with pupil diameter is an explicit function of the exponent.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: June 19, 1995
Revised Manuscript: August 21, 1995
Manuscript Accepted: September 12, 1995
Published: March 1, 1996
Glenn D. Boreman and Christopher Dainty, "Zernike expansions for non-Kolmogorov turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 517-522 (1996)