Optic disk reflectance was measured from 27 normal observers with their physiological lenses (aged 21–74 yr) and from two pseudophakic observers (aged 69 and 70 yr) with use of a Utrecht fundus reflection densitometer. Psychophysical heterochromatic flicker photometric luminance matches (10° field) were obtained on the same group of the observers. A four-parameter model incorporating lens density, hemoglobin absorption, optic disk reflectance, and superficial stray light was used to fit the reflectometric data. A model incorporating lens density and the Judd revised spectral luminous-efficiency function was used to fit the psychophysical data. The lens-density spectrum used the two-factor aging model of Pokorny [Appl. Opt. 26, 1437 (1987)]. The lens density for each normal observer was estimated through a least-squares fitting procedure yielding an estimated lens age. For the reflectometric data the observer’s chronological age agreed with estimated lens age with a correlation coefficient of 0.92. The reflectometric regression line underestimated chronological age by approximately 5 yr. The mean reflectance of the optic disk was 0.047 with standard error of the mean of 0.0044. Data from the pseudophakic observers were well described when corneal density was used to replace lens density. The lens density was also estimated from the psychophysical data. The observer’s chronological age agreed with psychophysically estimated lens age with a correlation coefficient of 0.92. It was concluded that the in vivo lens density can be estimated from the reflectance spectrum measured off the optic disk. The reflectance spectrum of the optic disk was inferred to be close to spectrally neutral.
© 1997 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: June 24, 1996
Revised Manuscript: November 12, 1996
Manuscript Accepted: November 19, 1996
Published: May 1, 1997
Jun Xu, Joel Pokorny, and Vivianne C. Smith, "Optical density of the human lens," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 953-960 (1997)