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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 15, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 1998
  • pp: 2921–2928

Testing of rod objects by grazing incidence interferometry: theory

Thomas Dresel, Sven Brinkmann, Roland Schreiner, and Johannes Schwider  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 15, Issue 11, pp. 2921-2928 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.15.002921


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Abstract

Interferometry at grazing incidence allows one to perform macroscopic shape tests of rough surfaces with submicrometer precision. The highest measurement accuracy is achieved with a null test: the object wave front is adapted to the ideal surface under test through the use of diffractive optical elements. Deviations between the ideal and the real surface shape result in characteristic phase distributions at the interferometer output. Rod objects with rather arbitrary cross-section profiles are especially suitable for this type of measurement. The design of appropriate test wave fronts can be carried out by means of geometrical considerations. Expressions describing aberrations that are due to misalignments of the work piece can easily be derived. Misalignment aberrations and genuine surface deviations are separated by least-squares fitting.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1380) Diffraction and gratings : Binary optics
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(090.1760) Holography : Computer holography
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(220.4840) Optical design and fabrication : Testing

History
Original Manuscript: February 11, 1998
Revised Manuscript: July 10, 1998
Manuscript Accepted: July 22, 1998
Published: November 1, 1998

Citation
Thomas Dresel, Sven Brinkmann, Roland Schreiner, and Johannes Schwider, "Testing of rod objects by grazing incidence interferometry: theory," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2921-2928 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-15-11-2921


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References

  1. T. Dresel, G. Häusler, H. Venzke, “Three-dimensional sensing of rough surfaces by coherence radar,” Appl. Opt. 31, 919–925 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. N. Abramson, “The interferoscope: a new type of interferometer with variable fringe separation,” Optik 30, 56–71 (1969).
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  4. J. Schwider, “Verfahren und Anordnung zur Prüfung beliebiger Mantelflächen rotationssymmetrischer Festkörper mittels synthetischer Hologramme,” German patent WP106 769 (January4, 1972).
  5. T. Dresel, J. Schwider, A. Wehrhahn, S. Babin, “Graz-ing incidence interferometry applied to the measurement of cylindrical surfaces,” Opt. Eng. 34, 3531–3535 (1995). [CrossRef]
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  8. S. Brinkmann, R. Schreiner, T. Dresel, J. Schwider, “Interferometric testing of technical surfaces with computer generated holograms,” in Optical Inspection and Micromeasurements II, C. Gareki, ed. Proc. SPIE3098, 83–89 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. L. Denes, J. Salsbury, “Flatness, parallelism and other novel uses of grazing-incidence interferometry in precision engineering,” in Topical Conference on Microscopic Inspection of Macroscopic Structures (American Society for Precision Engineering, Raleigh, N. Car., 1995), pp. 20–23.
  10. T. Dresel, M. Beyerlein, J. Schwider, “Design and fabrication of computer-generated beam-shaping holograms,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4615–4621 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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