OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 15, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1998
  • pp: 1192–1201

Method of source terms for dipole emission modification in modes of arbitrary planar structures

H. Benisty, R. Stanley, and M. Mayer  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 15, Issue 5, pp. 1192-1201 (1998)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (302 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Modification of dipole emission that is due to its optical environment is calculated for planar layered structures. The layers are optically described by standard matrix techniques, and the dipole is included by using additive source terms for the electric field that depend on dipole orientation and wave polarization. These source terms also allow coupling through evanescent waves. We emphasize the applicability of this method to cases in which the power distribution into various modes is affected: dipole emission into guided modes and emission distribution into the various modes of structures that contain multilayer reflectors, such as microcavities.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(130.5990) Integrated optics : Semiconductors
(230.3670) Optical devices : Light-emitting diodes
(230.7400) Optical devices : Waveguides, slab
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics

Original Manuscript: February 18, 1997
Revised Manuscript: December 3, 1997
Manuscript Accepted: November 13, 1997
Published: May 1, 1998

H. Benisty, R. Stanley, and M. Mayer, "Method of source terms for dipole emission modification in modes of arbitrary planar structures," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 1192-1201 (1998)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. G. Björk, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, K. Igeta, “Modification of spontaneous emission rate in planar dielectric microcavity structures,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 669–681 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Blondelle, H. De Neve, P. Demeester, P. Vandaele, G. Borghs, R. Baets, “16% external quantum efficiency from planar microcavity LEDs at 940 nm by precise matching of cavity wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1286–1287 (1995). [CrossRef]
  3. H. De Neve, J. Blondelle, R. Baets, P. Demeester, P. Vandaele, G. Borghs, “High efficiency planar microcavity LEDs: comparison of design and experiments,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 287–289 (1995). [CrossRef]
  4. D. G. Deppe, C. Lei, “Spontaneous emission from a dipole in a semiconductor microcavity,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3443–3448 (1991). [CrossRef]
  5. N. E. J. Hunt, E. F. Schubert, D. L. Sirco, A. Y. Cho, R. F. Kopf, R. A. Logan, G. L. Zydzjk, “High efficiency, narrow spectrum resonant-cavity light-emitting diodes,” in Confined Electrons and Photons, E. Burstein, C. Weisbuch, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1995), pp. 703–714.
  6. J. Rarity, C. Weisbuch, eds., Microcavities and Photonic Bandgaps: Physics and Applications (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1996), p. 315.
  7. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970).
  8. R. R. Chance, A. Prock, R. Silbey, “Fluorescence and energy transfer near interfaces?” in Advances in Chemical Physics, I. Prigogine, S. A. Rice, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1978), pp. 1–65.
  9. R. R. Chance, A. Prock, R. Silbey, “Lifetime of an emitting molecule near a partially reflecting surface,” J. Chem. Phys. 60, 2744–2748 (1974). [CrossRef]
  10. G. W. Ford, W. H. Weber, “Electromagnetic interaction of molecules with metal surfaces,” Phys. Rep. 113, 195–287 (1984). [CrossRef]
  11. W. Lukosz, “Theory of optical-environment-dependent spontaneous-emission rates for emitters in thin layers,” Phys. Rev. B 22, 3030–3038 (1980). [CrossRef]
  12. W. Lukosz, R. E. Kunz, “Light emission by magneticand electric dipoles close to a plane interface. I. Total radiated power,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 1607–1615 (1977). [CrossRef]
  13. W. Lukosz, R. E. Kunz, “Light emission by magnetic and electric dipoles close to a plane dielectric interface. II. Radiation patterns of perpendicular oriented dipoles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 1615–1619 (1977). [CrossRef]
  14. W. Lukosz, “Light emission by magnetic and electric dipoles close to a plane dielectric interface. III. Radiation patterns of dipoles with arbitrary orientation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1495–1503 (1979). [CrossRef]
  15. W. Lukosz, “Light emission by multipole sources in thin layers. I. Radiation patterns of magnetic and electric dipoles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 744–754 (1981). [CrossRef]
  16. R. E. Kunz, W. Lukosz, “Changes in fluorescence lifetime induced by variable optical environments,” Phys. Rev. B 21, 4814–4828 (1980). [CrossRef]
  17. W. H. Weber, G. W. Ford, “Enhanced Raman scattering by adsorbates including the nonlocal response of the metal and the excitation of nonradiative modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 1774–1777 (1980). [CrossRef]
  18. W. C. Chew, Waves and Fields in Inhomogeneous Media (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1989).
  19. K. Ujihara, “Spontaneous emission and the concept of effective area in a very short optical cavity with plane parallel dielectric mirrors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 30, L901–L904 (1991). [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, K. Igeta, G. Björk, “Controlled spontaneous emission in microcavity semiconductor lasers,” in Coherence, Amplification, and Quantum Effects in Semiconductor Lasers, Y. Yamamoto, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1991), p. 561.
  21. Z. Zhang, S. Satpathy, “Electromagnetic wave propagation in periodic structures: Bloch wave solutions of Maxwell’s equations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 2650–2653 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. H. Yokoyama, M. Suzuki, Y. Nambu, “Spontaneous emission and laser oscillation properties of microcavities containing a dye,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2598–2600 (1991). [CrossRef]
  23. K. G. Sullivan, D. G. Hall, “Enhancement and inhibition of electromagnetic radiation in plane-layered media. I. Plane-wave spectrum approach to modelling classical effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1149–1159 (1997). [CrossRef]
  24. K. G. Sullivan, D. G. Hall, “Enhancement and inhibition of electromagnetic radiation in plane-layered media. II. Enhanced fluorescence in optical waveguide sensors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1160–1166 (1997). [CrossRef]
  25. P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media (Wiley, New York, 1988).
  26. G. Björk, H. Heitmann, Y. Yamamoto, “Spontaneous-emission coupling factor and mode characteristics of planar dielectric microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 4451–4463 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. P. Wittke, “Spontaneous emission rate alteration by dielectric and other waveguiding structures,” RCA Rev. 36, 655–660 (1975).
  28. S. T. Ho, D. Y. Chu, J.-P. Zhang, S. Wu, M. Chin, “Dielectric photonic wells and wires and spontaneous coupling efficiency of microdisk and photonic-wire semiconductor lasers,” in Optical Processes in Microcavities, Advanced Series in Applied Physics, R. K. Chang, A. J. Campillo, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), p. 339. [CrossRef]
  29. W. N. Carr, “Photometric figures of merit for semiconductor luminescent sources operating in spontaneous mode,” in Semiconductor Devices Pioneering Papers, S. M. Sze, ed. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1991), pp. 919–937.
  30. R. P. Stanley, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, M. Ilegems, “Impurity modes in one-dimensional periodic-systems: the transition from photonic band-gaps to microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 2246–2250 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited