OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 15, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 1998
  • pp: 1838–1842

Reverse proton exchange for buried waveguides in LiNbO3

Yu. N. Korkishko, V. A. Fedorov, T. M. Morozova, F. Caccavale, F. Gonella, and F. Segato  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 15, Issue 7, pp. 1838-1842 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.15.001838


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (224 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The reverse proton-exchange (RPE) process performed in different HxLi1-xNbO3 crystalline phases of proton-exchanged and annealed proton-exchanged LiNbO3 waveguides leads to remarkable optical and compositional modifications. Analysis of ordinary and extraordinary index profiles, correlated with concentration depth profiles in RPE samples subjected to different exchange and postexchange treatments, shows how buried-index optical waveguides in LiNbO3 with symmetric mode and reduced fiber–waveguide coupling losses can be realized.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics materials
(130.3730) Integrated optics : Lithium niobate
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(310.3840) Thin films : Materials and process characterization

History
Original Manuscript: November 10, 1997
Revised Manuscript: March 2, 1998
Manuscript Accepted: March 11, 1998
Published: July 1, 1998

Citation
Yu. N. Korkishko, V. A. Fedorov, T. M. Morozova, F. Caccavale, F. Gonella, and F. Segato, "Reverse proton exchange for buried waveguides in LiNbO3," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 1838-1842 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-15-7-1838


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, “Proton exchange for high-index waveguides in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 607–608 (1982). [CrossRef]
  2. V. A. Ganshin, V. Sh. Ivanov, Yu. N. Korkishko, V. Z. Petrova, “Some features of ion exchange in lithium niobate crystals,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 705–709 (1986).
  3. V. A. Ganshin, Yu. N. Korkishko, V. Z. Petrova, “Reverse ion exchange in H:LiNbO3 lightguides,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 33, 686–687 (1988).
  4. V. A. Ganshin, Yu. N. Korkishko, “Specific features of ion exchange in H:LiNbO3 lightguides,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 35, 1095–1097 (1990).
  5. J. L. Jackel, J. J. Johnson, “Reverse exchange method for burying proton exchanged wave-guides,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1360–1361 (1991). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Olivares, J. M. Cabrera, “Guided modes with ordinary refractive-index in proton-exchanged LiNbO3 wave-guides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2468–2470 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. J. Olivares, J. M. Cabrera, “Modification of proton-exchanged LiNbO3 layers for guiding modes with ordinary polarisation,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 12, 277–285 (1993). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Rams, J. Olivares, J. M. Cabrera, “SHG-capabilities of reverse PE-LiNbO3 waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 33, 322–323 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. Yu. N. Korkishko, V. A. Fedorov, S. V. Katin, A. V. Kondrat’ev, “Reverse proton exchange in LiTaO3 and LiNbO3 for buried optical waveguides,” in Functional Photonic Integrated Circuits, M. N. Armenise, K.-K. Wong, eds., Proc. SPIE2401, 149–163 (1995). [CrossRef]
  10. Yu. N. Korkishko, V. A. Fedorov, S. V. Katin, A. V. Kondrat’ev, “Reverse exchange in annealed proton exchanged LiNbO3 structures for buried waveguides,” in Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO’95), L. Shi, L. H. Spiekman, eds. (X. J. M. Leijtens, Delft U. Press, Delft, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 395–398.
  11. Yu. N. Korkishko, V. A. Fedorov, “Structural and optical characterization of annealed proton exchanged LiNbO3 optical waveguides,” Opt. Mater. 5, 175–185 (1996). [CrossRef]
  12. K. El Hadi, P. Baldi, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, Yu. N. Korkishko, V. A. Fedorov, A. V. Kondrat’ev, “Ordinary and extraordinary waveguides realized by reverse proton exchange on LiTaO3,” Opt. Commun. 140, 23–26 (1997). [CrossRef]
  13. V. A. Fedorov, Yu. N. Korkishko, “Relationships between crystal lattice parameters and optical properties of proton-exchanged lithium niobate waveguides,” in Functional Photonic Integrated Circuits, M. N. Armenise, K.-K. Wong, eds., Proc. SPIE2401, 216–226 (1995). [CrossRef]
  14. Yu. N. Korkishko, V. A. Fedorov, M. P. De Micheli, P. Baldi, K. El Hadi, A. Leycuras, “Relationships between structural and optical properties of proton-exchanged waveguides on Z-cut lithium niobate,” Appl. Opt. 35, 7056–7060 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. P. De Micheli, D. N. Ostrowsky, Yu. N. Korkishko, P. Bassi, “Proton exchange waveguides in LiTaO3 and LiNbO3: structural and optical properties,” in Insulating Materials for Optoelectronics, F. Agullo-Lopez, ed. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), Chap. 12, pp. 329–366.
  16. Yu. N. Korkishko, V. A. Fedorov, “Structural phase diagram of HxLi1-xNbO3 waveguides: the correlation between structural and optical properties,” J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 187–196 (1996). [CrossRef]
  17. F. Gonella, F. Caccavale, A. Quaranta, “Secondary ion mass spectrometry applied to the study of ion-exchanged glass waveguides with a few modes,” Int. J. Optoelectron. 3, 359–363 (1994).
  18. V. A. Ganshin, Yu. N. Korkishko, “Deformation, stresses and birefringence in proton exchanged lithium niobate waveguides,” J. Opt. Commun. 13, 2–7 (1992). [CrossRef]
  19. J. M. White, P. F. Heidrich, “Optical waveguide refractive index profiles determined from measurement of mode indices: a simple analysis,” Appl. Opt. 15, 151–155 (1976). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Y. M. Dikaev, Yu. A. Kopylov, I. M. Kotelyanskii, “Simple method to determine the index profiles in graded waveguides,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 8, 378–381 (1981).
  21. K. S. Chiang, “Construction of refractive index profiles of planar dielectric waveguides from the distribution of effective indices,” J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 385–391 (1985). [CrossRef]
  22. V. A. Ganshin, Yu. N. Korkishko, “Kinetic model of proton–lithium exchange in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 crystals: the role of cationic vacancies,” Solid State Ionics 58, 23–32 (1992). [CrossRef]
  23. M. De Micheli, J. Boteneau, S. Neveu, P. Sibillot, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Characterization of titanium indiffused proton-exchanged (TIPE) waveguides in lithium niobate,” Opt. Commun. 42, 101–103 (1982). [CrossRef]
  24. V. A. Ganshin, Yu. N. Korkishko, V. Z. Petrova, “Some features of proton exchange in LiNbO3,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 30, 1313–1315 (1985).
  25. J. Olivares, M. A. Dı́az-Garcı́a, J. M. Cabrera, “Direct measurement of ordinary refractive index of proton exchanged LiNbO3 waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 92, 40–44 (1992). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited