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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 15, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 1998
  • pp: 2263–2274

Adaptive shift of visual sensitivity balance under ambient illuminant change

Ichiro Kuriki and Keiji Uchikawa  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 15, Issue 9, pp. 2263-2274 (1998)

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We examined the relationship between the ambient illuminant chromaticity and changes in the sensitivity balance of the visual system, using illuminants of various chromaticities. The sensitivity of observers was measured in a room with a variable-chromaticity illuminant. The observer’s state of chromatic adaptation was measured with unique-white settings. Our results showed that the change in visual sensitivity has a nonlinear correlation with the change in illuminant chromaticity; chromatic adaptation was nearly complete for desaturated illuminants, but the degree of chromatic adaptation became worse as the illuminant became more saturated. We defined a new index, relative cone weights, which represents this relationship well. To measure the role of chromatic induction from the immediate-surround area of the matching stimulus, we performed additional experiments by presenting the test inside a colored or black immediate surround. The results showed that the unique-white settings were not disturbed by the change in immediate-surround color. Our results imply that the room illuminant chromaticity was the primary factor in changing the observer’s state of chromatic adaptation.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.0330) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision, color, and visual optics
(330.1690) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color
(330.1720) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color vision
(330.5510) Vision, color, and visual optics : Psychophysics
(330.7310) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision
(330.7320) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision adaptation

Original Manuscript: November 24, 1997
Revised Manuscript: March 23, 1998
Manuscript Accepted: April 16, 1998
Published: September 1, 1998

Ichiro Kuriki and Keiji Uchikawa, "Adaptive shift of visual sensitivity balance under ambient illuminant change," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2263-2274 (1998)

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