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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 15, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 1998
  • pp: 2589–2596

Influence of myopia and aging on the optimal spherical aberration of soft contact lenses

Nicolas Chateau, Arnaud Blanchard, and Dominique Baude  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 15, Issue 9, pp. 2589-2596 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.15.002589


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Abstract

Soft contact lenses with different levels of third-order spherical aberration were tested in two samples of subjects aged between 20 and 45 years: 18 emmetropes and 19 myopes. Contrast sensitivity was measured at 12 cycles/degree to determine the optimal lens spherical aberration required by each individual. The optimal third-order coefficient was found to be negative on average in both refractive error groups. Myopic subjects required contact lenses with more negative spherical aberration than did emmetropes. The optimal aberration was also found to become increasingly negative with aging. The rate of this age-related change was faster in the myopic group. In comparison with aberration-free soft contact lenses, an improvement in contrast detection threshold of more than 25% was observed with optimal spherical aberration in half of the myopic subjects.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.1000) Optical design and fabrication : Aberration compensation
(330.4460) Vision, color, and visual optics : Ophthalmic optics and devices
(330.7310) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision

History
Original Manuscript: December 1, 1997
Revised Manuscript: March 13, 1998
Manuscript Accepted: March 16, 1998
Published: September 1, 1998

Citation
Nicolas Chateau, Arnaud Blanchard, and Dominique Baude, "Influence of myopia and aging on the optimal spherical aberration of soft contact lenses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2589-2596 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-15-9-2589


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