We studied the interaction between the single-mode cavity and an atomic string consisting of equidistant three-level atoms (or pairs of indistinguishable two-level atoms) that is injected at such a low flux that at most one atom at a time is present inside the cavity. We investigated the trapping effect in such systems, and we obtained the trapping conditions for the flying time inside the cavity. We derived the so-called cotangent state for the proposed systems, and we examined the properties of the electromagnetic field for such state.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
N. A. Enaki and V. I. Koroli, "Trapping of three-level atoms interacting with a single-mode cavity field," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2793-2798 (1999)