OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 16, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 1999
  • pp: 217–222

Distraction of attention and the slope of the psychometric function

Leonid L. Kontsevich and Christopher W. Tyler  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 16, Issue 2, pp. 217-222 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.16.000217


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (219 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The influential uncertainty model [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 1508 (1985)] attributes nonlinear contrast sensitivity near threshold to the inability of the observer to discriminate between the signal from stimulated locations and the noise from nonstimulated locations. We introduce an alternative interpretation, the distraction model, to describe the behavior of an observer who knows exactly which location was stimulated but may miss the test stimulus because attention has been distracted by irrelevant (noise) signals. For any stimulus sample, the observer is assumed to be certain of whether this sample is relevant or irrelevant to the stimulus. The nonlinear effects predicted by the distraction model without uncertainty are similar to those predicted by the uncertainty model.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.5490) General : Probability theory, stochastic processes, and statistics
(330.4060) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision modeling
(330.5510) Vision, color, and visual optics : Psychophysics

History
Original Manuscript: March 23, 1998
Revised Manuscript: August 17, 1998
Manuscript Accepted: September 28, 1998
Published: February 1, 1999

Citation
Leonid L. Kontsevich and Christopher W. Tyler, "Distraction of attention and the slope of the psychometric function," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 217-222 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-16-2-217


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. W. P. Tanner, “Physiological implications of psychophysical data,” Ann. (N.Y.) Acad. Sci. 89, 752–765 (1961). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Nachmias, E. C. Kocher, “Visual detection and discrimination of luminous increments,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 382–389 (1970). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. G. Pelli, “Uncertainty explains many aspects of visual contrast detection and discrimination,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 1508–1532 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. W. W. Peterson, T. G. Birdsall, W. C. Fox, “Theory of signal detectability,” IRE Trans. Inf. Theory PGIT-4, 171–212 (1954). [CrossRef]
  5. J. M. Foley, G. E. Legge, “Contrast detection and near-threshold discrimination in human vision,” Vision Res. 21, 1041–1053 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. E. Legge, D. Kersten, A. E. Burgess, “Contrast discrimination in noise,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 391–404 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. J. J. Blommaert, J. A. J. Roufs, “Prediction threshold and latency on the basis of experimentally determined impulse responses,” Biol. Cybern. 56, 329–344 (1987). [CrossRef]
  8. M. J. Mayer, C. W. Tyler, “Invariance of the slope of the psychometric function with spatial summation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1166–1172 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Palmer, C. T. Ames, D. T. Lindsey, “Measuring the effect of attention on simple visual search,” J. Exp. Psychol. 19, 108–130 (1993).
  10. U. Neisser, Cognitive Psychology (Appleton-Century Crofts, New York, 1967).
  11. M. I. Posner, C. R. R. Snyder, B. J. Davidson, “Attention and the detection of signals,” J. Exp. Psychol. 109, 160–174 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. M. Wolfe, K. R. Cave, S. L. Franzel, “Guided search: an alternative to the feature integration model for visual search,” J. Exp. Psychol. 15, 419–433 (1989).
  13. A. M. Treisman, G. Gelade, “A feature-integration theory of attention,” Cogn. Psychol. 12, 97–136 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. G. Sperling, E. Weichselgartner, “Episodic theory of the dynamics of spatial attention,” Psychol. Rev. 102, 503–532 (1995). [CrossRef]
  15. C. W. Eriksen, J. D. St. James, “Visual attention within and around the field of focal attention: a zoom lens model,” Percept. Psychophys. 40, 225–240 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. D. Kahneman, Attention and Effort (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1973).
  17. K. Nakayama, M. Mackeben, “Sustained and transient components of focal visual attention,” Vision Res. 29, 1631–1647 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. I. Posner, Y. Cohen, “Components of visual orienting,” in Attention and Performance X, H. Bouma, D. G. Bouwhuis, eds. (Erlbaum, Hillsdale, N.J., 1984), pp. 531–556.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited