A particular class of nondiffracting beams is discussed called the nondiffracting arrays (NDA’s). Such beams are useful for applications that require the projection of arrays of achromatic narrow light spots with a long depth of field. Regarding their general expression, NDA’s can be seen as three-dimensional interference fields whose narrow fringes are parallel to the propagation axis. We propose to use a compact and achromatic N-wave interferometer to generate them. This original solution, based on the use of a spider’s-web-shaped diffractive pupil, is studied experimentally.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
Nicolas Guérineau and Jérôme Primot, "Nondiffracting array generation using an N-wave interferometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 293-298 (1999)