In a texture pair (TP) yielding a vertical or horizontal edge, the local (luminance or color) contrast or the local orientation of the individual textels is traded off with the global strength of the luminance-, color-, or orientation-defined TP edge so as to keep the latter at the detection threshold. Local and global contrasts are defined along the same (within-domain conditions) or along distinct physical dimensions (transdomain conditions). In the latter case local luminance or color contrast is traded off against global orientation. In all cases TP’s are presented for 66.7 or 333.3 ms. Textels differ from the background in either luminance or color so that the TP’s are respectively equichromatic or equiluminant. TP edge strength is modulated by means of swapping variable proportions of textels between the two textures in the TP. The observed local–global relationships are fitted with a version of the equivalent noise model for contrast coding modified to include the presentation time factor. The extension of the standard model in the time domain is meant to allow comparison between equivalent noise estimates for variable duration stimuli. Model fits of the within-domain data yield equivalent noise energy values significantly different for color- and luminance-defined TP’s but are not applicable for the transdomain experiments, which indicates that global orientation processing is independent of both local luminance and local color contrast insofar as the latter are above the detection threshold. Finally, this study points to the equivalence among the local–global, the equivalent noise, and the statistical approaches to texture segregation.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
Andrei Gorea and Thomas V. Papathomas, "Local versus global contrasts in texture segregation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 728-741 (1999)