OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 16, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1999
  • pp: 1143–1156

Design and fabrication of blazed binary diffractive elements with sampling periods smaller than the structural cutoff

Philippe Lalanne, Simion Astilean, Pierre Chavel, Edmond Cambril, and Huguette Launois  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 16, Issue 5, pp. 1143-1156 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.16.001143


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (526 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report here on the theoretical performance of blazed binary diffractive elements composed of pillars carefully arranged on a two-dimensional grid whose period is smaller than the structural cutoff. These diffractive elements operate under unpolarized light. For a given grating geometry, the structural cutoff is a period value above which the grating no longer behaves like a homogeneous thin film. Because the grid period is smaller than this value, effective-medium theories can be fully exploited for the design, and straightforward procedures are obtained. The theoretical performance of the blazed binary elements is investigated through electromagnetic theories. It is found that these elements substantially outperform standard blazed échelette diffractive elements in the resonance domain. The increase in efficiency is explained by a decrease of the shadowing effect and by an unexpected sampling effect. The theoretical analysis is confirmed by experimental evidence obtained for a 3λ-period prismlike grating operating at 633 nm and for a 20°-off-axis diffractive lens operating at 860 nm.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1380) Diffraction and gratings : Binary optics
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics

Citation
Philippe Lalanne, Simion Astilean, Pierre Chavel, Edmond Cambril, and Huguette Launois, "Design and fabrication of blazed binary diffractive elements with sampling periods smaller than the structural cutoff," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1143-1156 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-16-5-1143

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited