OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 16, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 1999
  • pp: 1217–1228

Selective cone suppression by the L–M- and M–L-cone-opponent mechanisms in the luminance pathway

Sei-ichi Tsujimura, Satoshi Shioiri, Yuzo Hirai, and Hirohisa Yaguchi  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 16, Issue 6, pp. 1217-1228 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.16.001217


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (413 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We investigated how transient changes of background color influence the L- and M- (long- and middle-wavelength-sensitive-) cone signals in the luminance pathway. Motion identification thresholds were measured for a drifting sinusoidal grating (1 cycle/deg) modulated along different vector directions in L- and M-cone contrast space. The color of a central 4-deg-diameter region was briefly altered (500 ms) by incrementing or decrementing either L- or M-cone excitation. Incrementing L-cone and decrementing M-cone excitation produced a field that appeared reddish relative to the yellow surround. Likewise, incrementing M-cone and decrementing L-cone produced a field that appeared greenish. Motion identification thresholds were obtained on the yellow field following the brief color transitions. The results show that the threshold for the L-cone direction was selectively elevated by the background substitution of incrementing L-cone and decrementing M-cone excitation (shift toward reddish color). The same substitution, however, did not affect the threshold in the M-cone direction. Similarly, the threshold for the M-cone direction was selectively elevated by the background substitution of incrementing M-cone, decrementing L-cone excitation (shift toward greenish) without affecting the threshold in the L-cone direction. Experiments using the motion quadrature paradigm confirmed that these effects occur within the luminance mechanism. These results indicate that the activation of L-on plus M-off signals suppresses the L-cone signal and that the activation of L-off plus M-on signals suppresses the M-cone signals in the luminance pathway. We propose a retinal model based on the experimental results.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.0330) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision, color, and visual optics
(330.1690) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color
(330.4150) Vision, color, and visual optics : Motion detection

Citation
Sei-ichi Tsujimura, Satoshi Shioiri, Yuzo Hirai, and Hirohisa Yaguchi, "Selective cone suppression by the L–M- and M–L-cone-opponent mechanisms in the luminance pathway," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1217-1228 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-16-6-1217


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. H. L. de Vries, “The luminosity curve of the eye as determined by measurements with the flicker photometer,” Physica (Amsterdam) 14, 319–348 (1948).
  2. A. Eisner and D. I. A. MacLeod, “Flicker photometric study of chromatic adaptation: selective suppression of cone inputs by colored backgrounds,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 705–718 (1981).
  3. C. F. Stromeyer, G. R. Cole, and R. E. Kronauer, “Chromatic suppression of cone inputs to the luminance flicker mechanism,” Vision Res. 27, 1113–1137 (1987).
  4. W. H. Swanson, “Chromatic adaptation alters spectral sensitivity at high temporal frequency,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1294–1303 (1993).
  5. A. Stockman, D. I. A. MacLeod, and J. A. Vivien, “Isolation of the middle- and long-wavelength-sensitive cones in normal trichromats,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2471–2490 (1993).
  6. V. C. Smith and J. Pokorny, “Spectral sensitivity of the forveal cone photopigments between 400 and 500 nm,” Vision Res. 15, 161–171 (1975).
  7. D. I. A. MacLeod and R. M. Boynton, “Chromaticity diagram showing cone excitation by stimuli of equal luminance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1183–1186 (1979).
  8. A. M. Derrington and G. B. Henning, “Detecting and discriminating the direction of motion of luminance and colour gratings,” Vision Res. 33, 799–811 (1993).
  9. C. F. Stromeyer, R. E. Kronauer, A. Ryu, A. Chaparro, and R. T. Eskew, Jr., “Contributions of human long-wave and middle-wave cones to motion detection,” J. Physiol. (London) 485, 221–243 (1995).
  10. J. Pokorny, Q. Jin, and V. C. Smith, “Spectral-luminosity functions, scalar linearity, and chromatic adaptation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1304–1313 (1993).
  11. C. F. Stromeyer III, A. Chaparro, A. S. Tolias, and R. E. Kronauer, “Colour adaptation modifies the long-wave versus middle-wave cone weights and temporal phases in human luminance (but not red–green) mechanism,” J. Physiol. (London) 499, 227–254 (1997).
  12. S. J. Cropper and A. M. Derrington, “Rapid colour-specific detection of motion in human vision,” Nature (London) 379, 72–74 (1996).
  13. D. T. Lindsey, J. Pokorny, and V. C. Smith, “Phase-dependent sensitivity to heterochromatic flicker,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 921–927 (1986).
  14. W. H. Swanson, J. Pokorny, and V. C. Smith, “Effects of chromatic adaptation on phase-dependent sensitivity to heterochromatic flicker,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 1976–1982 (1988).
  15. S. Tsujimura, S. Shioiri, and Y. Hirai, “Effect of phase on threshold contour in cone contrast space for motion identification: estimation of intrinsic phase shift between L and M cones,” in Proceedings of the 8th Congress of the International Colour Association 97 (Color Science Association of Japan, Tokyo, 1997), pp. 263–266.
  16. S. M. Anstis and P. Cavanagh “A minimum motion technique for judging equiluminance,” in Colour Vision: Physiology and Psychophysics, J. D. Mollon and L. T. Sharpe, eds. (Academic, London 1983), pp. 156–166.
  17. V. C. Smith, B. B. Lee, J. Pokorny, P. R. Martin, and A. Valberg, “Responses of macaque ganglion cells to the relative phase of heterochromatically modulated lights,” J. Physiol. 458, 191–221 (1992).
  18. P. Gouras, “Precortical physiology of colour vision,” in The Perception of Color, P. Gouras, ed. (Macmillan, New York, 1991), Vol. 6, pp. 163–178.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited