A fully phase image encryption technique that uses the double random-phase encoding method is presented. The performance of this fully phase encryption is compared with that of amplitude-based encryption in the presence of noise. Analytic bounds on the mean squared error for the decrypted images are obtained. The accuracy of the theoretical error bounds is confirmed by comparing them with the mean squared errors obtained by using numerical and statistical methods for actual images. Fully phase-based encryption shows better performance than amplitude-based encryption with respect to the mean-squared-error metric.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: August 7, 1998
Revised Manuscript: March 25, 1999
Manuscript Accepted: March 25, 1999
Published: August 1, 1999
N. Towghi, B. Javidi, and Z. Luo, "Fully phase encrypted image processor," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1915-1927 (1999)