OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 16, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 1999
  • pp: 2169–2176

Independent-component analysis of skin color image

Norimichi Tsumura, Hideaki Haneishi, and Yoichi Miyake  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 16, Issue 9, pp. 2169-2176 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.16.002169


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (252 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The spatial distributions of melanin and hemoglobin in human skin are separated by independent-component analysis of a skin color image. The analysis is based on the skin color model with three assumptions: (1) Spatial variation of color in the skin is caused by two pigments, melanin and hemoglobin; (2) the quantities of the two pigments are mutually independent spatially; and (3) linearity holds among the quantities and the observed color signals in the optical density domain. The results of the separation agree well with physiological knowledge. The separated components are synthesized to simulate the various facial color images by changing the quantities of the two separated pigments.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.2960) Image processing : Image analysis
(330.1690) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color

History
Original Manuscript: January 13, 1999
Manuscript Accepted: April 28, 1999
Published: September 1, 1999

Citation
Norimichi Tsumura, Hideaki Haneishi, and Yoichi Miyake, "Independent-component analysis of skin color image," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2169-2176 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-16-9-2169

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited