Localized wave solutions of free-space wave equation can be used in numerous applications where the localized transmission of electromagnetic energy is of major importance. However, an optical implementation of localized wave fields has not been accomplished yet, except for an ultrashort version of the Bessel beams or the so called Bessel-X pulses. We propose an approach to constructing realizable optical schemes for generation of localized wave fields. We show that wavelength dispersion of the cone angle of axicons and circular diffraction gratings can be used to generate good approximation to focus wave modes.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
Kaido Reivelt and Peeter Saari, "Optical generation of focus wave modes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1785-1790 (2000)