The effect of noise-induced phase inconsistency on interferometric phase information content is studied. Phase inconsistencies, or residues, hinder a correct unwrapping of the phase signal. The probability of noise-induced phase inconsistencies is obtained as a function of the signal-to-noise ratio. Moreover, a two-dimensional noise-residue filter, intended to be applied as a preprocessing step before phase unwrapping, is proposed. The method is based on the observation that the noise creates adjacent phase inconsistencies mainly in interferometric phase images. A local analysis leads to a set of rules to be applied to reduce noise-induced phase inconsistencies. The filter performances are tested on noisy synthetic and real phase data.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
Giovanni Nico, "Noise-residue filtering of interferometric phase images," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1962-1974 (2000)