We present a formulation for wave propagation and scattering through stacked gratings comprising metallic and dielectric cylinders. By modeling a photonic crystal as a grating stack of this type, we thus formulate an efficient and accurate method for photonic crystal calculations that allows us to calculate reflection and transmission matrices. The stack may contain an arbitrary number of gratings, provided that each has a common period. The formulation uses a Green’s function approach based on lattice sums to obtain the scattering matrices of each layer, and it couples these layers through recurrence relations. In a companion paper [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A <b>17</b>, 2177 (2000)] we discuss the numerical implementation of the method and give a comprehensive treatment of its conservation properties.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
(050.0050) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction and gratings
(050.1960) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction theory
(260.0260) Physical optics : Physical optics
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics
Lindsay C. Botten, Nicolae-Alexandru P. Nicorovici, Ara A. Asatryan, Ross C. McPhedran, C. Martijn de Sterke, and Peter A. Robinson, "Formulation for electromagnetic scattering and propagation through grating stacks of metallic and dielectric cylinders for photonic crystal calculations. Part I. Method," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 2165-2176 (2000)