We present a detailed derivation of the locus of Rayleigh backscattered states of polarization for polarization optical time domain reflectometry in uniformly twisted optical fiber with intrinsic linear birefringence. The locus is algebraically a quartic whose topology is determined by the relative orientation on the Poincaré sphere of the input SOP and the effective birefringence vector. We present an analysis that indicates how experimental data may be interpreted, through geometric parameters of the locus, for evaluating the fiber parameters. The analysis also indicates the minimum number of experimental data points required for meaningful values for the fiber parameters to be obtained.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(060.2430) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, single-mode
(120.5410) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Polarimetry
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence
D. H. O. Bebbington and A. S. Siddiqui, "Analytical description of backscattered states of polarization in polarization optical time-domain reflectometry measurements on uniformly twisted linearly birefringent optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 2260-2266 (2000)