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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 17, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2000
  • pp: 232–243

Chromatic contrast sensitivity: the role of absolute threshold and gain constant in differences between the fovea and the periphery

Pauline M. Pearson and William H. Swanson  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 17, Issue 2, pp. 232-243 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.17.000232


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Abstract

A model of foveal achromatic and chromatic sensitivity [Vision Res. 36, 1597 (1996)] was extended to the peripheral visual field. Threshold-versus-illuminance functions were analyzed to determine effects of eccentricity on absolute thresholds and gain constants of chromatic and luminance mechanisms. The resulting peripheral model successfully predicted peripheral contrast sensitivity as a function of wavelength, for both white and 500-nm backgrounds. We conclude that the short-wavelength-sensitive cone opponent mechanism may mediate thresholds in Sloan’s notch in the normal periphery and that interpretation of reduced chromatic sensitivity in the periphery requires an explicit model of how eccentricity affects both the gain constant and the absolute threshold.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.0330) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision, color, and visual optics
(330.1720) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color vision
(330.1800) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision - contrast sensitivity
(330.4060) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision modeling
(330.4300) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision system - noninvasive assessment

History
Original Manuscript: April 20, 1999
Revised Manuscript: October 1, 1999
Manuscript Accepted: October 25, 1999
Published: February 1, 2000

Citation
Pauline M. Pearson and William H. Swanson, "Chromatic contrast sensitivity: the role of absolute threshold and gain constant in differences between the fovea and the periphery," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 232-243 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-17-2-232


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