Pseudorandom encoding (PRE) is a statistics-based procedure in which a pure-phase spatial light modulator (SLM) can yield, on the average, the prescribed diffraction pattern specified by the user. We seek to combine PRE with the optimization of an aperture-based target function. The target function is a fully complex input transmittance, unrealizable by a phase-only SLM, that generates a prescribed light intensity. The optimization is done to increase the diffraction efficiency of the overall process. We compare three optimization methods—Monte Carlo simulation, a genetic algorithm, and a gradient search—for maximizing the diffraction efficiency of a spot-array generator. Calculated solutions are then encoded by PRE, and the resulting diffraction patterns are computer simulated. Details on the complexity of each procedure are furnished, as well as comparisons on the quality, such as uniformity of the output spot array.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics
(090.1970) Holography : Diffractive optics
(220.4830) Optical design and fabrication : Systems design
(230.6120) Optical devices : Spatial light modulators
Yongyi Yang, Henry Stark, Damla Gurkan, Christy L. Lawson, and Robert W. Cohn, "High-diffraction-efficiency pseudorandom encoding," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 285-293 (2000)