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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 17, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 2000
  • pp: 615–627

L and M cone relative numerosity and red–green opponency from fovea to midperiphery in the human retina

Shiro Otake and Carol M. Cicerone  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 17, Issue 3, pp. 615-627 (2000)

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The relative numerosity of the long-wavelength-sensitive (L) and middle-wavelength-sensitive (M) cones and the red–green color appearance, as assessed by means of unique yellow, are stable from fovea to midperiphery (±28 deg nasotemporal). As foveal tests decrease in size, unique yellow progressively shifts toward longer wavelengths, favoring a model of red–green opponency carried by cells whose centers receive input from either L or M cones and whose surrounds receive mixed contributions from both. Individual differences in unique yellow over a 20-nm range and the relative numerosity of L and M cones can be linked by means of this model, suggesting that the relative number of L and M cones is a factor that regulates individual variations in red–green color appearance.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.1720) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color vision
(330.4060) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision modeling
(330.5020) Vision, color, and visual optics : Perception psychology
(330.5310) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision - photoreceptors
(330.5510) Vision, color, and visual optics : Psychophysics

Original Manuscript: June 23, 1999
Revised Manuscript: October 14, 1999
Manuscript Accepted: October 18, 1999
Published: March 1, 2000

Shiro Otake and Carol M. Cicerone, "L and M cone relative numerosity and red–green opponency from fovea to midperiphery in the human retina," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 615-627 (2000)

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