The van Cittert–Zernike theorem can be used to evaluate visibility at the exit of an amplitude-division interferometer with two-beam interferences. If the source illuminating the interferometer is a periodic array of slits, at the exit there is a sequence of localization surfaces. The formulas for the position and fringe spacing of the principal localization surfaces are applied to a Wollaston quartz prism, and there is good agreement between theoretical and experimental results. Moreover, the fringe localization depth and the intermediate localization surfaces obtained experimentally coincide with those predicted by theory.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: September 14, 1999
Revised Manuscript: March 9, 2000
Manuscript Accepted: March 9, 2000
Published: July 1, 2000
Juan M. Simon, Silvia A. Comastri, and Catherine Tardin, "Multilocalization and the van Cittert–Zernike theorem. 2. Application to the Wollaston prism," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1277-1283 (2000)