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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 17, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2000
  • pp: 1333–1340

Vector description of higher-order modes in photonic crystal fibers

Albert Ferrando, Enrique Silvestre, Juan José Miret, Pedro Andrés, and Miguel V. Andrés  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 17, Issue 7, pp. 1333-1340 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.17.001333


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Abstract

We extensively study the propagation features of higher-order modes in a photonic crystal fiber (PCF). Our analysis is based on a full-vector modal technique specially adapted to accurately describe light propagation in PCF’s. Unlike conventional fibers, PCF’s exhibit a somewhat unusual mechanism for the generation of higher-order modes. Accordingly, PCF’s are characterized by the constancy of the number of modes below a wavelength threshold. An explicit verification of this property is given through a complete analysis of the dispersion relations of higher-order modes in terms of the structural parameters of this kind of fiber. The transverse irradiance distributions for some of these higher-order modes are also presented, showing an excellent agreement with recent experimental measurements. In the same way, the full-vector nature of our approach allows us to analyze the rich polarization structure of the PCF mode spectrum.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(060.2430) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, single-mode

Citation
Albert Ferrando, Enrique Silvestre, Juan José Miret, Pedro Andrés, and Miguel V. Andrés, "Vector description of higher-order modes in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1333-1340 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-17-7-1333


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