On the basis of an analysis of the autocovariance of the complex heterodyne signal, some novel algorithms are derived and are investigated for use in determining, with high spatial resolution, Doppler-velocity coherent-lidar profiles in the case of rectangular and rectangularlike sensing laser pulses. These algorithms generalize other known Doppler-velocity estimators for the more complex case of nonuniform scattering and Doppler-velocity distribution within the pulse length. Algorithm performance and efficiency are studied and are illustrated by computer simulations. It is shown that the Doppler-velocity profiles can be determined with essentially better resolution in comparison with the use of other known estimation approaches, but at the expense of some increase in the number of statistical realizations (number of laser shots) required to reduce the speckle-noise effect. The minimum achievable resolution interval is shown to be much shorter than the pulse length.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
(010.0010) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric and oceanic optics
(010.3640) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Lidar
(280.3340) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser Doppler velocimetry
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
Ljuan L. Gurdev, Tanja N. Dreischuh, and Dimitar V. Stoyanov, "High-resolution Doppler-velocity estimation techniques for processing of coherent heterodyne pulsed lidar data," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 134-142 (2001)