OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 18, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2001
  • pp: 195–204

Dynamic holography for optical interconnections. I. Noise floor of low-cross-talk holographic switches

Kim L. Tan, William A. Crossland, and Robert J. Mears  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 18, Issue 1, pp. 195-204 (2001)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (261 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Reconfigurable optical interconnects constructed by recording dynamic holograms onto spatial light modulators may be crucial elements in all-optical networks. The extremely low cross-talk level of such free-space holographic switches was shown by an analytic approximation and verified experimentally. The fiber-to-fiber switch utilizes the spatial filtering properties of single-mode fibers, and its cross-talk noise is limited to the sidelobe power as a result of diffraction of the clipped Gaussian beam at the hologram aperture edges, provided that all higher orders are avoided. Greater than 45-dB cross-talk isolation has been measured at transverse-axis locations, and locating a fiber port at off-transverse-axis directions promises to double this level if aberrations are negligible.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1220) Diffraction and gratings : Apertures
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(060.2430) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, single-mode
(090.1970) Holography : Diffractive optics
(090.2890) Holography : Holographic optical elements
(200.4650) Optics in computing : Optical interconnects

Original Manuscript: October 19, 1999
Revised Manuscript: June 20, 2000
Manuscript Accepted: June 20, 2000
Published: January 1, 2001

Kim L. Tan, William A. Crossland, and Robert J. Mears, "Dynamic holography for optical interconnections. I. Noise floor of low-cross-talk holographic switches," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 195-204 (2001)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. A. Neff, R. A. Athale, S. H. Lee, “Two-dimensional spatial light modulators: a tutorial,” Proc. IEEE 78, 826–855 (1990). [CrossRef]
  2. D. C. O’Brien, R. J. Mears, “Computer generated holograms optimized for illumination with partially coherent light using a silicon backplane spatial light modulator as the recording device,” in Optics for Computers: Architectures and Technologies , G. J. Lebreton, ed., Proc. SPIE1505, 32–37 (1991). [CrossRef]
  3. D. C. O’Brien, R. J. Mears, T. D. Wilkinson, W. A. Crossland, “Dynamic holographic interconnects that use ferroelectric liquid-crystal spatial light modulators,” Appl. Opt. 33, 2795–2803 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. T. Warr, M. C. Parker, R. J. Mears, “Optically transparent digitally tunable wavelength filter,” Electron. Lett. 31, 129–130 (1995). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Dammann, “Blazed synthetic phase-only holograms,” Optik (Stuttgart) 31, 95–104 (1970).
  6. D. Gloge, “Weakly guiding fibers,” Appl. Opt. 10, 2252–2258 (1971). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Marcuse, “Loss analysis of single-mode fiber splices,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703–718 (1977). [CrossRef]
  8. K. L. Tan, S. T. Warr, I. G. Manolis, T. D. Wilkinson, M. M. Redmond, W. A. Crossland, R. J. Mears, B. Robertson, “Dynamic holography for optical interconnections. II. Routing holograms with predictable replay location and in-tensity of each diffraction order,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 205–215 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. M. J. Holmes, F. P. Payne, P. Dainty, T. J. Hall, W. A. Crossland, “Low crosstalk devices for wavelength-routed networks,” in Guided Wave Optical Signal Processing, Digest 95-128 (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1995), paper 2.
  10. E. G. Churin, P. Bayvel, J. E. Midwinter, A. M. Hill, “The influence of aperture size and shape on crosstalk level in free-space grating multiplexes for WDM networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1337–1339 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. J. A. Davis, S. W. Connely, G. W. Bach, R. A. Lilly, D. M. Cottrell, “Programmable optical interconnections with large fan-out capability using a magneto-optic spatial light modulator,” Opt. Lett. 14, 102–104 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. I. Underwood, D. G. Vass, R. M. Sillito, G. Bradford, N. E. Fancy, A. Al Chalabi, M. J. Birch, W. A. Crossland, A. P. Sparks, S. G. Lantham, “A high performance spatial light modulator ,” in Devices for Optical Processing , D. M. Gookin, ed., Proc. SPIE1562, 107–115 (1991). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Yariv, Optical Electronics, 4th ed. (Saunders, London, 1991), pp. 705–707.
  14. I. S. Gradshteyn, I. M. Ryzhik, Tables of Integrals, Series and Products, 5th ed. (Academic, London, 1994), p. 938.
  15. J. A. Arnaud, Beam and Fiber Optics (Academic, New York, 1976), pp. 177–184.
  16. W. B. Joyce, B. C. Deloach, “Alignment of Gaussian beams,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4187–4196 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. L. Tan, W. A. Crossland, R. J. Mears, “A comparison of the efficiency and crosstalk of quaternary and binary phase-only holograms based on ferroelectric liquid crystals (FLC),” Ferroelectrics 213, 233–240 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. A. W. Snyder, R. A. Sammut, “Fundamental modes of graded optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1663–1671 (1979). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited