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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 18, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2001
  • pp: 86–93

Efficiency analysis of diffractive lenses

Uriel Levy, David Mendlovic, and Emanuel Marom  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 18, Issue 1, pp. 86-93 (2001)

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Multilevel diffractive optical elements are necessary for achieving high-efficiency performance. Here the diffraction efficiency of a multilevel phase-only diffractive lens is analyzed. Approximate, as well as more accurate, approaches are presented. Both plane-wave and Gaussian illumination are discussed. It is shown that for many practical cases the diffraction efficiency can be determined by only a single parameter that takes into account the spatial bandwidth product as well as the focal length of the lens and the illumination wavelength. The analysis is based on the scalar theory and the thin-element approximation. Justification for doing this is presented. The results are valid for lenses with at least F/5.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1380) Diffraction and gratings : Binary optics
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics
(220.3630) Optical design and fabrication : Lenses
(220.3740) Optical design and fabrication : Lithography

Original Manuscript: October 15, 1999
Revised Manuscript: May 30, 2000
Manuscript Accepted: May 30, 2000
Published: January 1, 2001

Uriel Levy, David Mendlovic, and Emanuel Marom, "Efficiency analysis of diffractive lenses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 86-93 (2001)

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