The general solution for modes in an asymmetric planar waveguide with a homogeneous and isotropic chiral core is given in terms of a pair of parameters related to the eccentricity of the polarization ellipse for the transverse electric field. This formulation provides insight into the transition, with increasing chirality of the core, from TE/TM modes to right-handed and left-handed circular polarization modes. Mode polarization as a function of waveguide thickness and of frequency is discussed in detail. Beyond a mode-dependent maximum thickness (or frequency), the left-handed elliptical modes consist of a slow-wave component whose cutoff properties are examined. The limiting case of a symmetric waveguide is also discussed.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: November 9, 2000
Revised Manuscript: March 21, 2001
Manuscript Accepted: April 23, 2001
Published: November 1, 2001
Warren N. Herman, "Polarization eccentricity of the transverse field for modes in chiral core planar waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 2806-2818 (2001)