A novel method to obtain the three-dimensional mathematical model of a transparent object from its hologram is presented. The proposed method can numerically extract the object information from the fringe pattern of the hologram. Then an iterative algorithm is used to imitate an imaging system by focusing on different layers of the object; and by operating in both the spatial domain and the frequency domain, the algorithm produces a series of two-dimensional layer images. The object is finally reconstructed layer by layer. A constraint condition should be satisfied, and the noise distribution can be rearranged in different reconstruction cycles so as to get better reconstruction quality. Numerical simulations have proved the effectiveness of the proposed method.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: May 4, 2000
Revised Manuscript: September 6, 2000
Manuscript Accepted: October 31, 2000
Published: May 1, 2001
Lingfeng Yu and Lilong Cai, "Iterative algorithm with a constraint condition for numerical reconstruction of a three-dimensional object from its hologram," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1033-1045 (2001)