OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 18, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2001
  • pp: 1437–1444

Effects of retinal scattering in the ocular double-pass process

L. Diaz-Santana and J. C. Dainty  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 18, Issue 7, pp. 1437-1444 (2001)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (334 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The validity of double-pass wave-front measurements in the eye is reviewed analytically and computationally. A mathematical description of the scalar optical field in the exit pupil plane after an ocular double-pass process is presented. With the help of this description, the relationship between the phase information losses and the statistical properties of retinal scattering is demonstrated.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.7350) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Wave-front sensing
(290.1350) Scattering : Backscattering
(330.7310) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision

Original Manuscript: April 12, 2000
Revised Manuscript: December 18, 2000
Manuscript Accepted: December 18, 2000
Published: July 1, 2001

L. Diaz-Santana and J. C. Dainty, "Effects of retinal scattering in the ocular double-pass process," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1437-1444 (2001)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. L. Fante, “Imaging of an object behind a random phase screen using light of arbitrary coherence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 2318–2328 (1985). [CrossRef]
  2. C. J. Solomon, J. C. Dainty, “Imaging a coherently illuminated object through a random screen using a dilute aperture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 1385–1390 (1992). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, D. R. Williams, “Odd aberrations and double pass measurements of retinal image quality,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 195–201 (1995). [CrossRef]
  4. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968).
  5. R. K. Tyson, Principles of Adaptive Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1991).
  6. S. Marcos, S. A. Burns, J. Chang He, “Model for cone directionality reflectometric measurements based on scattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2012–2022 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. P. Beckman, A. Spizzichinio, The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces (Pergamon, New York, 1963).
  8. F. G. Bass, I. M. Fuks, “Wave scattering from statistically rough surfaces,” in International Series in Natural Philosophy (Pergamon, New York, 1979), Vol. 93.
  9. J. A. Ogilvy, Theory of Wave Scattering from Random Rough Surfaces (Hilger, Bristol, UK, 1991).
  10. L. Diaz Santana Haro, J. C. Dainty, “Single vs symmetric and asymmetric double-pass measurements of the wavefront aberration of the human eye,” in Second International Workshop on Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine, G. D. Love, ed. (World Scientific, Singapore, 2000), pp. 45–50.
  11. W. M. Hart, ed., Adler’s Physiology of the Eye. Clinical Application, Mosby Year Book, 9th ed. (Mosby, St. Louis, Mo., 1993).
  12. S. Marcos, S. A. Burns, “Cone spacing waveguide properties from cone directionality measurements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 995–1004 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. L. Diaz Santana Haro, J. C. Dainty, “Single-pass measurements of the wave-front aberrations of the human eye by use of retinal lipofuscin autofluorescence,” Opt. Lett. 24, 61–63 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. F. C. Delori, C. K. Dorey, G. Staurenghi, O. Arend, D. G. Goger, J. J. Weiter, “In vivo fluorescence of the ocular fundus exhibits retinal pigment epithelium lipofuscin characteristics,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 36, 718–729 (1995).
  15. G. J. van Blockland, “Ellipsometry of the human retina in vivo: preservation of polarization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 72–75 (1985). [CrossRef]
  16. B. F. Hochheimer, H. A. Kues, “Retinal polarization effects,” Appl. Opt. 21, 3811–3818 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. J. van Blockland, D. van Norren, “Intensity and polarization of light scattered at small angles from the human fovea,” Vision Res. 26, 485–494 (1986). [CrossRef]
  18. R. Navarro, M. A. Losada, “Phase transfer and point spread function of the human eye determined by a new asymmetric double-pass method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2386–2392 (1995). [CrossRef]
  19. P. Artal, I. Iglesias, N. López-Gil, D. G. Green, “Double-pass measurements of the retinal-image quality with unequal entrance and exit pupil sizes and the reversibility of the eye’s optical system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2358–2366 (1995). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited