We describe propagation in a uniaxially anisotropic medium by relying on a suitable plane-wave angular-spectrum representation of the electromagnetic field. We obtain paraxial expressions for both ordinary and extraordinary components that satisfy two decoupled parabolic equations. As an application, we obtain, for a particular input beam (a quasi-Gaussian beam), analytical results that allow us to identify some relevant features of propagation in uniaxial crystals.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
Alessandro Ciattoni, Bruno Crosignani, and Paolo Di Porto, "Vectorial theory of propagation in uniaxially anisotropic media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1656-1661 (2001)