OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 19, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2002
  • pp: 208–214

Senescent changes in parafoveal color appearance: saturation as a function of stimulus area

Holger Knau and John S. Werner  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 19, Issue 1, pp. 208-214 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.19.000208


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (153 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The chromatic content (saturation) of monochromatic stimuli (480, 505, 577, and 650 nm) was scaled as a function of field size at three different retinal locations by 58 observers ranging from 18 to 83 yr of age. The different retinal locations (6 deg nasal, 2.5 deg inferior and 6 deg temporal eccentricity) were chosen according to anatomical studies demonstrating different degrees of senescent losses of cones or ganglion cells. Nine field sizes were tested, ranging from 0.0096 to 0.96 deg in diameter. The subjects used a percentage scale to judge the saturation of the flashed stimulus presentations (2 s on, 5 s off). The data analysis demonstrated that older observers require larger field sizes than younger observers to perceive hue as well as larger field sizes to reach the same level of scaled saturation. The spatial dependency of color appearance for younger and older observers was not correlated with senescent losses in retinal cells reported for the different retinal locations. The data were modeled by using an impulse-response function (i.e., Naka–Rushton equation) so that perceptive fields could be compared to electrophysiological measures of receptive fields or dendritic fields of retinal and cortical cells.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.0330) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision, color, and visual optics
(330.1720) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color vision
(330.5310) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision - photoreceptors
(330.5510) Vision, color, and visual optics : Psychophysics
(330.6130) Vision, color, and visual optics : Spatial resolution

History
Original Manuscript: January 17, 2001
Revised Manuscript: June 4, 2001
Manuscript Accepted: June 4, 2001
Published: January 1, 2002

Citation
Holger Knau and John S. Werner, "Senescent changes in parafoveal color appearance: saturation as a function of stimulus area," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 208-214 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-19-1-208


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. C. E. Ferree, G. Rand, “Chromatic thresholds of sensation from center to periphery of the retina and their bearing on color theory,” Psychol. Rev. 26, 16–41 (1919). [CrossRef]
  2. J. D. Moreland, “Peripheral colour vision,” in Visual Psychophysics, Vol. VII/4 of Handbook of Sensory Physiology, D. Jameson, L. M. Hurvich, eds. (Springer, New York, 1972), pp. 517–536. [CrossRef]
  3. J. Gordon, I. Abramov, “Color vision in the peripheral retina. II. Hue and saturation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 202–207 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. A. van Esch, E. E. Koldenhof, A. J. van Doorn, J. J. Koenderink, “Spectral sensitivity and wavelength discrimination of the human peripheral visual field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 443–450 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. A. Johnson, “Color vision in the peripheral retina,” Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt. 63, 97–103 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. I. Abramov, J. Gordon, H. Chan, “Color appearance in the peripheral retina,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 404–414 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. L. Buck, R. Knight, G. Fowler, B. Hunt, “Rod influence on hue-scaling functions,” Vision Res. 38, 3259–3263 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. I. Abramov, J. Gordon, “Color appearance in central and peripheral retina,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, P38 (1987).
  9. I. Abramov, J. Gordon, “Color appearance in peripheral retina: naso-temporal asymmetries,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. Suppl. 29, 300 (1988).
  10. A. L. Nagy, J. A. Doyal, “Red–green color discrimination as a function of stimulus field size in peripheral retina,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1147–1156 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. V. J. Volbrecht, E. E. Shrago, B. E. Schefrin, J. S. Werner, “Spatial summation in human cone mechanisms from 0° to 20° in the superior retina,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 641–650 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. E. Zrenner, P. Gouras, “Cone opponency in tonic ganglion cells and its variation with eccentricity in rhesus monkey retina,” in Colour Vision: Physiology and Psychophysics, J. D. Mollon, L. T. Sharpe, eds. (Academic, London, 1983), pp. 211–223.
  13. R. L. De Valois, K. K. De Valois, “Neural coding of color,” in Handbook of Perception, E. C. Carterette, M. P. Friedman, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 5, pp. 117–166.
  14. J. Krüger, “Stimulus dependent colour specificity of monkey lateral geniculate neurons,” Exp. Brain Res. 30, 297–311 (1977).
  15. B. E. Schefrin, J. S. Werner, “Age-related changes in the color appearance of broadband surfaces,” Color Res. Appl. 18, 380–389 (1993). [CrossRef]
  16. J. M. Kraft, J. S. Werner, “Aging and the saturation of colors. 2. Scaling of color appearance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 231–235 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. C. A. Curcio, D. N. Drucker, “Retinal ganglion cells in Alzheimer’s disease and aging,” Ann. Neurol. 33, 248–257 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. A. Curcio, C. L. Millican, K. A. Allen, R. E. Kalina, “Aging of the human photoreceptor mosaic,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 34, 3278–3296 (1993).
  19. C. M. Cicerone, J. L. Nerger, “The relative numbers of long-wavelength-sensitive to middle-wavelength-sensitive cones in the human fovea centralis,” Vision Res. 29, 115–128 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. K. I. Naka, W. A. Rushton, “S-potentials from colour units in the retina of fish (Cyprinadae),” J. Physiol. 185, 587–599 (1966).
  21. G. Westheimer, “The Maxwellian view,” Vision Res. 6, 669–682 (1966). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. U. Stabell, B. Stabell, “Wavelength discrimination of peripheral cones and its change with rod intrusion,” Vision Res. 17, 423–426 (1976). [CrossRef]
  23. A. L. Nagy, S. Wolf, “Red–green color discrimination in peripheral vision,” Vision Res. 33, 235–242 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. B. E. Schefrin, J. S. Werner, “Loci of unique hues throughout the life span,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 305–311 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. P. K. Kaiser, J. P. Comerford, D. M. Bodinger, “Saturation of spectral lights,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 818–826 (1976). [CrossRef]
  26. R. B. H. Tootell, E. Switkes, M. S. Silverman, S. L. Hamilton, “Functional anatomy of macaque striate cortex. II. Retinotopic organization,” J. Neurosci. 8, 1531–1568 (1988). [PubMed]
  27. R. Desimone, S. J. Schein, “Visual properties of neurons in area V4 of macaque: sensitivity to stimulus form,” J. Neurophysiol. 57, 835–868 (1987). [PubMed]
  28. R. Shapley, V. H. Perry, “Cat and monkey retinal ganglion cells and their visual functional roles,” Trends Neurosci. 9, 229–235 (1986). [CrossRef]
  29. D. M. Dacey, M. R. Petersen, “Dendritic field size and morphology of midget and parasol ganglion cells of the human retina,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 89, 9666–9670 (1992).
  30. D. M. Dacey, “Morphology of a small-bistratified ganglion cell type in the macaque and human retina,” Visual Neurosci. 10, 1081–1098 (1993). [CrossRef]
  31. R. L. DeValois, K. K. DeValois, E. Switkes, L. Mahon, “Hue scaling of isoluminant and cone-specific lights,” Vision Res. 37, 885–897 (1997). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited