We measured the monochromatic aberrations of five subjects’ right eyes both temporally and nasally out to 40° from fixation. We used a Hartmann–Shack sensor with modifications to equipment and software to enable off-axis measurements. Results were standardized for 6-mm pupils. There was considerable variation among subjects in the pattern of aberrations. Aberrations were generally greater in the nasal visual field than in the temporal visual field; in the case of third-order aberrations, this was true for all subjects. The contribution of third-order Zernike aberrations to the root-mean-square aberration increased up to four times from the center to the edge of the field, but the contribution of fourth- to sixth-order Zernike aberrations varied little across the visual field. Results were similar to those of a previous investigation using laser ray tracing and were of the order of those predicted by Navarro’s finite schematic eye.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
(080.3620) Geometric optics : Lens system design
(330.4460) Vision, color, and visual optics : Ophthalmic optics and devices
(330.5370) Vision, color, and visual optics : Physiological optics
David A. Atchison and Dion H. Scott, "Monochromatic aberrations of human eyes in the horizontal visual field," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 2180-2184 (2002)