OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 19, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 2002
  • pp: 596–602

Use of single-mode waveguides to correct the optical defects of a nulling interferometer

Bertrand Mennesson, Marc Ollivier, and Cyril Ruilier  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 19, Issue 3, pp. 596-602 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.19.000596


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (218 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

In the area of long-baseline nulling interferometry, high rejection ratios are needed to cancel out the light of a bright central source and look for nearby faint structures or companions. These rejection requirements directly translate into drastic optical constraints. We discuss the possibility of using single-mode waveguides for such applications. Conversely to simple pinholes, single-mode waveguides efficiently correct wave-front defects of both high- and low-order spatial frequencies, ensure a perfect matching of the amplitude profiles coming from the various beams, and can be used with almost optimum coupling efficiency over a broad optical bandpass (typically an octave). They then appear to greatly enhance the feasibility of high-dynamic interferometric coronagraphs.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2390) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics, infrared
(060.2430) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, single-mode
(070.6110) Fourier optics and signal processing : Spatial filtering
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(220.1000) Optical design and fabrication : Aberration compensation
(350.1260) Other areas of optics : Astronomical optics

Citation
Bertrand Mennesson, Marc Ollivier, and Cyril Ruilier, "Use of single-mode waveguides to correct the optical defects of a nulling interferometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 596-602 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-19-3-596


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. A. Léger, J. M. Mariotti, B. Mennesson, M. Ollivier, J. L. Puget, D. Rouan, and J. Schneider, “Could we search for primitive life on extrasolar planets in the near future? The DARWIN project,” Icarus 123, 249–255 (1996).
  2. J. R. P. Angel and N. J. Woolf, “An imaging nulling interferometer to study extrasolar planets,” Astrophys. J. 475, 373–379 (1997).
  3. C. Beichman, “The terrestrial planet finder: the search for life bearing planets around other stars,” in Astronomical Interferometry, R. D. Reasenberg, ed., Proc. SPIE 3350, 719–723 (1998).
  4. M. Colavita, A. F. Boden, S. L. Crawford, A. B. Meinel, M. Shao, P. N. Swanson, G. T. Van Belle, G. Vasicht, J. M. Walker, J. K. Wallace, and P. L. Wizinowich, “The Keck Interferometer,” in Astronomical Interferometry, Robert D. Reasenberg, ed., Proc. SPIE 3350, 776–784 (1998).
  5. J. R. P. Angel, J. M. Hill, P. A. Strittmatter, P. Salinari, and G. Weigelt, “Interferometry with the large binocular telescope,” in Astronomical Interferometry, Robert D. Reasenberg, ed., Proc. SPIE 3350, 881–889 (1998).
  6. G. M. Voit, “On nulling interferometers and the line emitting regions of active galactic nuclei,” Astrophys. J. 487, L109–113 (1997).
  7. R. N. Bracewell and R. H. McPhie, “Searching for nonsolar planets,” Icarus 38, 136–147 (1979).
  8. J. M. Conan, “Etude de la correction partielle en optique adaptative,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université Paris XI, 1994).
  9. G. Perrin, “Une unité de recombinaison à fibres pour l’interféromètre IOTA. Application à l’étude des étoiles de type tardif,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université Paris VII, 1996).
  10. M. Ollivier and J. M. Mariotti, “Improvement in the rejection rate of a nulling interferometer by spatial filtering,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5340–5346 (1997).
  11. D. Marcuse, “Excitation of parabolic-index fibers with incoherent sources,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 1507–1530 (1975).
  12. V. Coudé du Foresto and S. T. Ridgway, “FLUOR: a stellar interferometer using single-mode infrared fibers,” in High Resolution Imaging by Interferometry II, J. Beckers and F. Merkle, eds. (European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany, 1991), pp. 731–740.
  13. V. Coudé du Foresto, G. Perrin, C. Ruilier, B. Mennesson, W. Traub, and M. Lacasse, “The FLUOR fibered instrument at the IOTA interferometer,” in Astronomical Interferometry, Robert D. Reasenberg, ed., Proc. SPIE 3350, 856–863 (1998).
  14. I. Schanen-Duport, P. Benech, P. Kern and F. Malbet, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry,” in Proceedings of the Astrofib’96 Conference, P. Kern and F. Malbet eds. (Bastianelli and Guirimand, Grenoble, France, 1996), pp. 99–108.
  15. M. Monerie, F. Alard, and G. Mazé, “Fabrication and characterization of fluoride-glass single-mode fibers,” Electron. Lett. 21 (25/26), 1179–1181 (1985).
  16. S. Shaklan, F. Roddier, “Coupling starlight into single-mode fiber optics,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2234–2238 (1988).
  17. C. Ruilier, “A study of degraded light coupling into single-mode fibers,” in Astronomical Interferometry, R. D. Reasenberg, eds., Proc. SPIE 3350, 319–327 (1998).
  18. D. Pelat, Course titled “Bruits et signaux,” Ecole doctorale d’lle de France, Department Astronomie-Astrophysique, Paris, 1994, p. 40.
  19. C. Ruilier, “Filtrage modal et recombinaison de grands télescopes. Contributions à l’instrument FLUOR,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université Paris VII, 1999).
  20. C. Ruilier and F. Cassaing, “Coupling of large telescopes and single-mode waveguides: application to stellar interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 143–149 (2001).
  21. B. Mennesson and J. M. Mariotti, “Array configurations for a space nulling interferometer dedicated to the search for Earth-like extrasolar planets,” Icarus 128, 202–212 (1997).
  22. E. Serabyn, J. K. Wallace, H. T. Nguyen, E. G. H. Schmidtlin, and G. J. Hardy, “Nulling interferometry: working on the dark fringe,” in Working on the Fringe: Optical and IR Interferometry from Ground and Space, S. Unwin and R. Stachnik, eds., Vol. 194 of ASP Conference Series (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, Calif., 1999), pp. 437–442.
  23. J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perrault, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry II: first laboratory white-light interferograms,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 139, 173–177 (1999).
  24. B. Mennesson, J. M. Mariotti, V. Coudé du Foresto, G. Perrin, S. Ridgway, C. Ruilier, W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, M. G. Lacasse, G. Mazé, “Thermal infrared stellar interferometry using single-mode optics: first results with the TISIS experiment on IOTA,” Astron. Astrophys. 346, 181–189 (1999).
  25. M. Ollivier, A. Léger, P. Sekulic, C. Anceau, J. Brunaud, G. Artzner, J. M. Mariotti, G. Michel, V. Coudé Du Foresto, B. Mennesson, P. Bouchareine, T. Lépine, and F. Malbet, “Nulling interferometry for the DARWIN mission—laboratory demonstration experiment,” in Working on the Fringe: Optical and IR Interferometry from Ground and Space, S. Unwin and R. Stachnik, eds., Vol. 194 of ASP Conference Series (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, Calif., 1999), pp. 443–447.
  26. M. Ollivier, J-M. Mariotti, A. Léger, P. Sékulic, J. Brunaud, and G. Michel, “Interferometric coronography for the DARWIN space mission—laboratory demonstration experiment,” Astron. Astrophys. 370, 1128–1136 (2001).
  27. F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perrault, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry I. Concept and astronomical applications,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 138, 135–145 (1999).
  28. B. Mennesson, “Thermal infrared stellar interferometry: observations of circumstellar environments using single-mode guided optics and contributions to the DARWIN space mission,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université Paris VII, 1999).
  29. E. Serabyn, “Nulling interferometry: symmetry requirements and experimental results,” Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 328–339 (2000).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited