In a dense medium, the failure to properly take into account multiple-scattering effects could lead to significant errors. This has been demonstrated in the past from extensive theoretical, numerical, and experimental studies of electromagnetic wave scattering by densely packed dielectric spheres. Here, electromagnetic wave scattering by densely packed dielectric spheroids with aligned orientation is studied analytically through quasi-crystalline approximation (QCA) and QCA with coherent potential (QCA-CP). We assume that the spheroids are electrically small so that single-particle scattering is simple. Low-frequency QCA and QCA-CP solutions are obtained for the average Green’s function and the effective permittivity tensor. For QCA-CP, the low-frequency expansion of the uniaxial dyadic Green’s function is required. The real parts of the effective permittivities from QCA and QCA-CP are compared with the Maxwell–Garnett mixing formula. QCA gives results identical to those with the mixing formula, while QCA-CP gives slightly higher values. The extinction coefficients from QCA and QCA-CP are compared with results from Monte Carlo simulations. Both QCA and QCA-CP agree well with simulations, although qualitative disagreement is evident at higher fractional volumes.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
(030.5620) Coherence and statistical optics : Radiative transfer
(290.0290) Scattering : Scattering
(290.2200) Scattering : Extinction
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering
(290.5850) Scattering : Scattering, particles
Chi O. Ao and Jin A. Kong, "Analytical approximations in multiple scattering of electromagnetic waves by aligned dielectric spheroids," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1145-1156 (2002)