To study the characteristics of color memory for natural images, a memory-identification task was performed with differing color contrasts; three of the contrasts were defined by chromatic and luminance components of the image, and the others were defined with respect to the categorical colors. After observing a series of pictures successively, subjects identified the pictures using a confidence rating. Detection of increased contrasts tended to be harder than detection of decreased contrasts, suggesting that the chromaticness of pictures is enhanced in memory. Detecting changes within each color category was more difficult than across the categories. A multiple mechanism that processes color differences and categorical colors is briefly considered.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
Kinjiro Amano, Keiji Uchikawa, and Ichiro Kuriki, "Characteristics of color memory for natural scenes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1501-1514 (2002)